AA Bronson, born Michael Tims, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 1946.
Felix Partz, born Ronald Gabe, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, 1945-1994.
Jorge Zontal, born Slobodan Saia-Levy, Parma, Italy, 1944-1994.

General Idea were formed in 1969 by friends AA Bronson, Felix Partz and Jorge Zontal; for the next 25 years they lived and worked together to produce the living artwork of their being together, undertaking over 100 solo exhibitions, and countless group shows and temporary public art projects.

They were known for their magazine FILE (1972-1989), their unrelenting production of low-cost multiples, and their early involvement in punk, queer theory, AIDS activism, and other manifestations of the other. In 1974 they founded Art Metropole, Toronto, a distribution center and archive for artists’ books, audio, video, and multiples, which they conceived as the shop and archive for their Gesamtkunstwerk: The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, a kind of meta-museum. From 1987 through 1994, they focused their work on the subject of AIDS. The group was de facto dissolved with the deaths of Pertz and Zontal in 1994 although General Idea’s work continues to be exhibited.

Selected Press

frieze.com, October 2018

frieze.com, September 2018

Artforum, March 2017

moussemagazine.it, January 2017

Solo Exhibitions

  • 2018

    Maureen Paley, London, UK
    Catch me if you can! AA Bronson and General Idea, Esther Schipper, Berlin, Germany

  • 2017

    GENERAL IDEA: Ziggurat, Michell-Innes & Nash, New York, USA
    General Idea: Broken Time/Tiempo Partido, MALBA, Buenos Aires, Argentina (C)
    General Idea: Photographs (1969-1982), MAMCO Geneva, Switzerland

  • 2016

    General Idea: Broken Time/Tiempo Partido, Fondation Jumex, Mexico City, Mexico

  • 2015

    Tenderbooks, London
    Works included in AA Bronson: Hexenmeister, Maureen Paley, London, UK

  • 2013

    General Idea: P is for Poodle, Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland
    General Idea: P is for Poodle, Esther Schipper, Berlin, Germany
    General Idea, Taro Nasu Gallery, Tokyo

  • 2011-12

    Haute Culture: General Idea 1969-1994 (touring exhibition),
    Musée d’art moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris France;
    Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

  • 2011

    FILE Magazine/General Idea Editions, Torpedo Kunstbokhandelen, Oslo, Norway

  • 2010

    General Idea: Editionen und Multiples, Helga Maria Klosterfelde Edition, Berlin, Germany

  • 2009

    General Idea: Works 1987 – 1994, Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland
    General Idea: Works 1968 – 1975, Esther Schipper, Berlin, Germany
    The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, The Art Gallery of York University, Toronto

  • 2008

    General Idea: Works 1968-1995, Stampa Gallery, Basel, Switzerland

  • 2007

    Sex + Death, Galerie Fréderic Giroux, Paris, France
    General Ideal Editions: 1967-1995, (touring exhibition):
    Henry Art Gallery, Seattle; Centro Andaluz de Arte Contemporáneo, Seville, Spain

  • 2006

    General Idea, White Cubicle Toilet Gallery, London, UK
    General Idea: Found Formats, Kunsthalle Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
    General Ideal Editions: 1967-1995, (touring exhibition):
    Muenchen Kunstverin, Munich, Germany; Kunstwerke, Berlin, Germany
    General Idea: Early Work / Magic Bullet, Esther Schipper, Berlin, Germany

  • 2005

    General Idea, Andy Warhol Museum, Pittsburg, USA
    General Idea, Vienna Secession, Vienna, Austria
    General Ideal Editions: 1967-1995, (touring exhibition):
    Luckman Fine Arts Complex, Los Angeles, USA; Victoria Art Gallery, Victoria, Canada
    General Idea, Computer paintings 1979-1992, Galerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris, France

  • 2004

    General Idea: Multuples et series, Galerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris
    General Idea Editions: 1967-1995, (touring exhibition): Plug In, Winnipeg, Canada Museum London, London, Canada Dunlop Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada Emily Carr College, Vancouver, Canada Illingworth Kerr Gallery, Alberta College of Art & Design, Calgary, Canada

  • 2003

    General Idea Editions: 1967-1995, (touring exhibition):
    Blackwood Gallery, U of T at Mississauga, Mississauga, Canada
    Agnes Etherington Art Gallery, Kingston, Canada
    Leonard and Bina Ellen Art Gallery, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
    Mount Saint Vincent University Art Gallery, Halifax, Canada
    McMaster Museum of Art, Hamilton, Canada
    General Idea: Editions and Ephemera (1968-1995), 871 Fine Arts, San Francisco, USA
    General Idea Editions: A Selection, Printed Matter, New York, USA

  • 2002

    General Idea, Galerie Giroux, Paris, France

  • 2001

    General Idea, 1301PE, Los Angeles, USA

  • 2000

    Fin de siècle, Plug In, Winnipeg, Canada

  • 1998

    General Idea, Camden Arts Centre, London, United Kingdom
    General Idea, Robert Prime, London, United Kingdom

  • 1997

    Search for the Spirit: General Idea 1968-1975, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

  • 1995

    General Idea, Galerie René Blouin, Montreal, Canada
    General Idea, S. L. Simpson Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    General Idea: Showcards, Presentation House, Vancouver, Canada

  • 1994

    General Idea: Drawings 1989-1994, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
    General Idea: Infe©tions, World Wide Video Center, Den Haag, The Netherlands
    General Idea: The Showcard Series from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pageant Pavillion, Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Ottawa, Canada

  • 1993

    The Armoury of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion and Related Works, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    General Idea: Multiples, S. L. Simpson Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Videotapes by General Idea, National Gallery of Canada, Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, Canada General Idea’s Fin de siècle – The Power Plant, Toronto, Canada

  • 1990

    General Idea, Galleria Massimo de Carlo, Milan, Italy

  • 1989

    General Idea’s ¥en Boutique, Dörrie-Priess Galerie, Hamburg, Germany
    AIDS, Project for the New York Subway System, New York, USA
    AIDS, Project for Spectacolor Board, Times Square, New York, USA
    Nightschool: The Academy of the Miss General Idea Pavillion, Mai 36 Galerie, Lucerne
    AIDS (project for Stampa Galerie) Frankfurt Art Fair, Frankfurt, Germany
    General Idea 1968-1988, Galerie Daniel Buchholz, Cologne, Germany
    General Idea’s ¥en Boutique, Galerie Esther Schipper, Cologne, Germany
    General Idea, Hillman Holland Fine Arts, Atlanta, USA
    Test Pattern: TV Dinner Plates from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA

  • 1998

    Test Pattern: TV Dinner Plates from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, SPIRAL, Wacoal Art Center, Tokyo, Japan
    AIDS (window project), New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York, USA
    AIDS, (poster project), Berlin, Germany
    Mondo Cane (Distressed), Galerie Meyer-Hohmeister, Karlsruhe, Germany
    AIDS Paintings, Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA
    AIDS, YYZ Artists’ Outlet, Toronto, Canada
    AIDS (poster project) Toronto, Canada
    General Idea, Stampa Galerie, Basel, Switzerland
    AIDS (billboard project) Billboard Café, San Francisco, USA
    The Public and Private Domains of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, Artspace, San Francisco, USA
    AIDS (poster project), San Francisco, USA

  • 1987

    The Armoury of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, Setagaya Art Museum, Tokyo
    AIDS (serigraph edition) Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA
    AIDS (poster project) New York City, New York, USA
    The Armoury of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion (touring exhibition)
    Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, USA; 49th Parallel, New York, USA;
    University Art Gallery, California State University, Long Beach, USA;
    Contemporary Arts Museum, Houston, USA
    Cornucopia, Forest City Gallery, London, Canada
    Ziggurat Paintings, Galerie Montenay-Delsol, Paris, France

  • 1986

    P is for Poodle, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh, Scotland

  • 1985

    The Ruins of the Kroma Key Klub, de Vleeshal, Middleburg, The Netherlands
    Miss General Idea’s Achievement, International With Monument, New York, USA
    The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion (touring exhibition):
    Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland;
    Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands;
    Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;
    Musée d’art contemporain, Montreal, Canada

  • 1984

    General Idea’s 1984, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
    Mondo Cane Kama Sutra, Centre d’art contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland
    Baby Makes 3, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Caniche à la Mode, Language Plus, Alma, Quebec, Canada
    General Idea, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Ghent, Belgium
    General Idea Media Works 1968-1984, Stampa Galerie, Basel, Switzerland

  • 1983

    P is for Poodle: The Milky Way from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, Music Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto
    General Idea’s Jorge Zontal (curated by AA Bronson and Felix Partz), Galerie Grita Insam, Vienna, Austria
    Mondo Cane, Stampa, Basel, Switzerland
    General Idea’s Mondo Cane Kama Sutra, Baronian Gallery, Brussels, Belgium
    Canile, Galerie Françoise Lambert, Milan, Italy

  • 1982

    Ziggurat Paintings (1968-69), Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    General Idea’s Jorge Zontal, A Space, Toronto, Canada
    Colour Bar Lounge, Centre for Art Tapes, Halifax, Canada

  • 1981

    The Miss General Idea Boutique, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    The Honeymoon is Over, Stampa Galerie, Basel, Switzerland
    Représentation Confusés, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    General Idea, 49th Parallel, New York, USA

  • 1979

    Consenting Adults, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Playing the Triangle, Samangallery, Genoa, Italy
    Colour Bar Lounge, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    General Idea, Krinzinger Gallery, Innsbruck, Austria;
    Modern Art Gallery, Vienna, Austria
    Test Tube, de Appel, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Ménage à Trois, Centre d’art contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland

  • 1978

    Reconstructing Futures, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada;
    Canada House, London, United Kingdom;
    Canadian Cultural Centre, Paris, France
    Ménage à Trois, Galerie Lucio Amelio, Naples, Italy
    Three Men, Zona Galerie, Florence, Italy;
    Galerie Laboratorio, Milan, Italy

  • 1977

    Artists and Models, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Going Thru the Motions, Galerie Optica, Montreal, Canada
    The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant Entries, Parachute Centre for Cultural Affairs, Calgary, Canada
    The Frame of Reference, Western Front Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
    S/HE, St. Lawrence College Gallery, Kingston, Canada
    Sex and Responsibility, Nova Gallery, Vancouver, Canada

  • 1976

    Search for the Spirit, Galerie Gaetan, Geneva, Switzerland

  • 1975

    Going Thru the Notions, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1974

    G.I. at the Western Front, Western Front Gallery, Vancouver, Canada

  • 1973

    Luxon V.B., Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Manipulating the Self, Galerie B, Montreal, Canada

  • 1972

    Light On, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Evidence of Body Binding, Galerie B, Montreal, Canada

  • 1971

    The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant Entries, Art Gallery of Ontario and A Space, Toronto, Canada

  • 1970

    Betty’s, 78 Gerrard Street West, Toronto, Canada
    Off Hand (Felix Partz), 567 Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Good Enough to Eat (Jorge Zontal), Rochdale College Art Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1969

    The Belly Store (collaboration with John Neon), 78 Gerrard Street West, Toronto, Canada
    Waste Age, 78 Gerrard Street West, Toronto, Canada
    Inside Today’s Home, Theatre Passe Muraille, Toronto, Canada

Selected Group Exhibitions

  • 2019

    Salle des maquettes, Galerie de l'UQAM, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Canada
    Superscreen: The Making of an Artist-Run Counterculture and the Grand Western Canadian Screen Shop, MacKenzie Art Gallery, Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada

  • 2018

    The 80s Image, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
    Echte Luxe..., Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    RE-IMAGE-IN, Vancouver Biennale, Vancouver, Canada
    Art & Entertainment, Mamco, Geneva, Switzerland
    Canadian and Indigenous Art: 1968 to Present, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
    Art & Entertainment, Mamco, Geneva, Switzerland
    True Luxury: Art Acquisitions 2012 – 2018, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, Netherlands
    Brand New: Art and Commodity in the 1980s, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC, USA
    On Paper (Arts Council Touring Exhibition) Perth Museum and Art Gallery, Perth, UK; travelling to Gallery Oldham, Oldham; Inverness Museum and Art Gallery, Inverness; Oriel Wrecsam, Wrexham; Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea; Victoria Art Gallery, Bath and Thelma Hubert Gallery, Honiton.
    Art Unlimited, Art Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Being Modern: MoMA in Paris, Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris, France
    MoMA at the NGV: 130 Years of Modern and Contemporary Art, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, Australia

  • 2017

    Bye Bye De Stijl, Centraal Museum, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    An Incomplete History of Protest, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
    Exposition De Groupes, Galeries Roger Bellemare et Christian Lambert, Montreal, QC, Canada
    The American Dream. Pictures of American Realism since 1965, Kunsthalle Emden, Emden, Germany
    Being Modern: Moma in Paris, Fondation Louis Vuitton, Paris, France
    The American Dream: pop to present, The British Museum, London, UK (C)
    Over the Rainbow, Praz-Delavallade, Los Angeles, USA
    Dying well – False death, Museum für Neue Kunst, Freiburg, Germany

  • 2016

    Form Follows Fiction: Art and Artists in Toronto, Justina M Barnicke Gallery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON Canada
    Toronto: Tributes + Tributaries, 1971-1989, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, ON Canada

  • 2015

    Vanità/Vanitas, Museo Ettore Fico, Turin, Italy
    Art AIDS America, Tacoma, Washington, USA (touring)
    Collecting Line II – Drawings from the Ringier Collection, Villa Flora, Winterthur, Switzerland
    Homosexuality_ies, Schwules Museum, Berlin, Germany
    Under the Clouds: From Paranoia to the Digital Sublime, Serralves Museum, Porto, Portugal
    Hôtel Dunkerque, FRAC – Nord-Pas de Calais, Dunkerque, France
    The Illusion of Light, François Pinault Foundation, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
    A Republic of Art French International Collections of Contemporary Art, Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands

  • 2014-15

    FOOD | produire, manger, consommer, MuCEM, Marseille, France
    «La décennie – Une histoire des années 90» (The decade – An history of the 90’s), Centre Pompidou – Metz, Metz, France.

  • 2014

    Abandon the Parents, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark
    Another, Once Again, Many Times More, Martos, New York, USA
    THIS IS ME, THIS IS ALSO ME, McMaster Museum of Art, McMaster University, Hamilton, USA
    Une histoire, art, architecture et design, des années 80 à aujourd’hui, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France
    The Illusion of Light, François Pinault Foundation, Palazzo Grassi, Venice, Italy
    Collective III, Galerie Guy Bärtschi, Geneva, Switzerland
    Over the Rainbow: Seduction and Identity, Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, Toronto, Canada
    Before Normal: Concept after Concept, Museet for Samtidskunst, Roskilde, Denmark
    What It Means To Be Seen: Photography And Queer Visibility, Ryerson Image Centre, Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada
    Fan the Flames: Queer Positions in Photography, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada In Character: Self Portrait of the Artist as Another – mocca – Museum of Contemporary Canadian Art, Toronto, Canada
    Video Container: Museum As Method, MOCA at Goldman Warehouse, Miami, USA
    J’En Veux Plus, Toujours Plus! /// And I Still Want More!, Galerie Thomas Henry Ross Art Contemporain, Montreal, Canada
    Haver fet un lloc on els artistes tinguin dret a equivocar-se, Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
    Love Aids Riot Sex 2, Kunst Aids Aktivismus 1995 Bis Heute, Neue Gesellschaft für Bildende Kunst (NGBK), Berlin, Germany
    1984? – Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland

  • 2013

    Love Aids Riot Sex 1. Kunst Aids Aktivismus 1987-1995, Neue Gesellschaft für Bildende Kunst (NGBK), Berlin
    Affordable Bananas or Whatever, Nosbaum&Reding, Luxembourg
    Oeuvres De La Collection Philippe Cohen 20 Ans D’acquisitions, Passage de Retz, Paris, France
    Mínima resistencia, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain
    The Temptation of AA Bronson, Witte de With Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam, Nertherlands
    Continental Drift I & II, Konzeptkunst in Kanada: Die 1960er und 70er Jahre, Badischer Kunstverein, Karlsruhe, Germany
    Video Vintage 1963-1983, Beirut Art Center, Beirut, Lebanon
    Le Grand Tout , 30 ans du Frac Limousin, FRAC, Limousin, Limoges, France
    The Magic Bullet, 2013, TORRI, Paris, France

  • 2012

    This Will Have Been: Art, Love & Politics in the 1980s, Institute of Contemporary Arts London, UK; Institute of Contemporary Art Boston, USA; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA; Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Chicago, USA Traffic: Conceptual Art in Canada 1965–1980, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada Questions D’images (visages De Sable), Carré d´art, Musée d´art contemporain de Nîmes, Nîmes, France Stage Presence – Theatricality In Art And Media, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
    Editions!, Grieder Contemporary, Zürich, Switzerland relocated, MD 72, Berlin, Germany Gold, Belvedere, Vienna, Austria Beyond Occupied Images, Galerija Skuc, Ljubljana, Slovenia
    Vidéo Vintage 1963-1983, Centre Pompidou, Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France
    A for artists / E for Exhibitions / Part I and II, Galerie van Gelder, Amsterdam, Netherlands

  • 2011

    40 Ideal Home, Chelsea space, Chelsea College of Art and Design, London, UK
    The Concept Sublime: 35 Years Brigitte March Gallery, Brigitte March International Contemporary Art, Stuttgart, Germany
    XXX Thirty Years Peter Blum Edition, Peter Blum Gallery, NYC, USA
    Play Time, Œuvres de la collection Klosterfelde, Lieu d’Art Contemporaine, Sigean, France
    Out of Storage: Provisoire & Définitif, Marres, Centre for Contemporary Culture, Maastricht, Nertherlands
    My Winnipeg, La Maison Rouge, Paris, France
    Beziehungsarbeit, Kunst und Institution, Künstlerhaus Wien, Vienna, Austria
    Estáis Listos Para La Televisión?, Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
    Group show, Galerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris, France
    Cover Girl, La Galerie des Galeries Lafayette, Paris, France

  • 2010

    Electro Géo,FRAC, Limousin, Limoges, France
    ¿Estáis listos para la televisión?, Museu d´Art Contemporani de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
    Covering the wall, Musée de Pully, Pully, Switzerland
    Jeder Künstler ist ein Mensch, Staatliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, Baden-Baden, Germany
    Destrøy Design, Aarhus Kunstbygning, Center for Contemporary Art, Aarhus, Denmark
    PRINTS & MULTIPLES / im SHOWROOM, Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland
    Neo Geo & Cie L’image de l’abstraction à la fin du xxème siècle, FRAC, Limousin, Limoges, France
    DO / REDO / UNDO – WIELS, Centrum voor Hedendaagse kunst, Brussels, Belgium
    Dorm, The Model, Sligo, Ireland
    This and That, Corvi-Mora, London, UK
    Changing Channels, Kunst und Fernsehen 1963-1987, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig, MUMOK, Vienna, Austria
    Seconde main, Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris – MAM/ARC, Paris
    Destroy Design, MUDAC – Musée de design es d`arts appliques contemporains, Lausanne, France
    Neugierig? Kunst des 21. Jahrhunderts aus privaten Sammlungen – Kunst- und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, Germany

  • 2009

    World upside down, Musée D´Art de Joliette, Joliette, Québec, Canada
    Playing Homage, CAG – Vancouver Contemporary Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
    TOP 10 ALLEGORIES, Galerie Francesca Pia, Zurich, Switzerland
    The Studio Sessions, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
    Pop, Surrey Art Gallery, Surrey, BC, Canada
    All that is solid melts into air, MuHKA Museum voor Hedendaagse Kunst Antwerpen, Antwerp, The Netherlands
    Proiezioni, Castello di Rivara , Centro d´arte contemporane, Rivara, Canada
    Coalesce: Happenstance, Smart Project Space, Amsterdam

  • 2008

    Recent Acquisitions, Art Gallery of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada
    Ideas of Landscape/ Landscape of Ideas 2, Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
    2 x [ (2 x 20) (2 x 2) ] 2 = X x (desperately) trying to figure out the world – Mai 36 Galerie, Zurich, Switzerland
    Political Corect, BFAS Blondeau Fine Art Services, Geneva, Switzerland
    L’Argent, FRAC, Ile-de-France Le Plateau, Paris, France
    Gewoon Anders! / Just Different! – Cobra Museum, Amstelveen, The Netherlands
    Less is less, more is more, that’s all, CAPC – Musée d’art contemporain, Bordeaux, France
    ANALOGUE: Pioneering Video from the UK, CANADA and POLAND (1968-88) – Artspace, Peterborough, ON, Canada
    Construction, 1301PE, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    Make Art/Stop AIDS, Fowler Museum at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA
    P2P, Casino Luxembourg, Forum d’art contemporain, Luxembourg
    Art Metropole: The Top 100, MSVU Art Gallery, Halifax, NS, Canada

  • 2007

    World Upside Down, Agnes Etherington Art Center, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Forms of Resistance Artists and the desire for social change from 1871 to the present – Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, the Netherlands
    Kopf an Kopf Serielle Porträtfotografie, Kunsthalle Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany
    BODYPOLITCX – Witte de With Center for Contemporary Art, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
    WORDS AND PICTURES: Recent Acquisitions in Context – Justina M Barnicke Gallery, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
    Handsome Young Doctor: A Show About Trust, CUBITT, London, UK
    Rückblende. Die Fotosamlung der Neuen Galerie Graz, Neue Galerie Graz, Universalmuseum Joanneum, Graz, Austria
    TOMORROW NOW, when design meets science fiction, Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, Luxembourg Scenes and Sequences (touring), Peter Blum Edition, New York, Aargauer Kunsthaus, Aarau, Switzerland
    Into Me, Out of Me, MACRO Testaccio (MACRO Future), Rome, Italy
    General Idea, Christian Jankowski, Kay Rosen, Lawrence Weiner, Helga Maria Klosterfelde Edition – Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    Videostampa, Stampa, Basel, Switzerland

  • 2006

    Persona – From the Collection, National Gallery of Canada, Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    INTO ME / OUT OF ME, Kunst-Werke Berlin, KW Institute for Contemporary Art, Berlin, Germany
    The Full White Cube, Le Cube Blanc Plein, Galerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris, France
    Multiplicity, Museum of Contemporary Art Sydney, MCA, Sydney, Austraia
    World Upside Down, The Banff Centre, Walter Phillips Gallery, Banff, Canada
    TEMENOS EL DUCHAMP… Galería de Arte Mexicano, GAM, Mexico City
    Das Achte Feld – Geschlechter, Leben u. Begehren in der bildenden Kunst s. 1960, Museum Ludwig, Cologne, Germany
    Mister Man, Agnes Etherington Art Center, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Into me / Out of me – MoMA PS1, New York City, USA
    Access for All – Museum Jan Cunen, Oss, the Netherlands
    Packageing, Galerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris
    Medium Fotografie – Stampa, Basel, Switzerland
    Hundert Küsse sind besser als einer (Hundred Kisses are better than one) – Krinzinger Projekte, Vienna, Austria
    Madame la baronne était plutôt maniérée, assez rococo et totalement baroque, Acte 1 – Maison populaire de Montreuil, Montreuil, France
    Storefront, National Gallery of Canada, Musée des beaux-arts du Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
    Winterausstellung, Esther Schipper, Berlin, Germany

  • 2005

    Looking at Words, Andrea Rosen Gallery, New York City, USA
    8e Biennale de Lyon, Expérience de la durée, Experiencing Duration, La Biennale de Lyon, Lyon, France
    Transformations, Expositions des artistes de la galerie, Galerie Frédéric Giroux, Paris, France
    Subject to Rule, Agnes Etherington Art Center, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
    Sliding Tense: Identifying Toronto Art – UTAC – University of Toronto Art Centre, Toronto, Canada
    Kollektive Kreativität – Kunsthalle Fridericianum, Kassel, Germany
    Just do it!, Die Subversion der Zeichen von Marcel Duchamp bis Prada Meinhof , Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Linz, Austria
    Trade – White Columns, New York City, USA

  • 2004

    L’artiste éditeur, FRAC, Limousin, Limoges, France
    Multiple Strategies, CAC, Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, USA
    La lettre volée, Musée des Beaux Arts de Dôle, Dôle, France
    Coup de coeur II, Crac Alsace, Altkirch, France
    After Images, Weserburg, Museum für moderne Kunst, Bremen, Germany
    POINT, Dazibao, centre de photographies actuelles, Montreal, Canada
    The Real Thing, Steven Wolf Fine Arts, San Francisco, USA

  • 2003

    “Game over” , Andreas Grimm München, Munich, Germany
    Une collection de « Chefs-d’œuvre » Emprunts, pastiches, copies, citations et interprétations FRAC, Limousin, Limoges, France
    Now Playing: Daniel Reich Gallery, K48, John Connelly Presents, D’Amelio Terras, New York City, USA Zona People 1974-1985 Non profit art space – Firenze – Mamco – musée d´art moderne et contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland On the Wall, Wallpaper and Tableau, The Fabric Workshop and Museum, Philadelphia, USA
    False Innocence, Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona, Spain
    Our Mutual Friend, Bloomberg Space, London, UK

  • 2002

    STARS and BRIGHTS – Brigitte March International Contemporary Art, Stuttgart, Germany
    Public Affairs – Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
    Kunst nach Kunst, Weserburg, Museum für moderne Kunst, Bremen, Germany
    Animagerie, Animagery, Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
    Art & Economy, Gemeinschaftsprojekt mit dem Siemens Arts Program, Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Mirror Image, Hammer Museum, Los Angeles, USA

  • 2001

    L’art vu à distance, FRAC, Limousin, Limoges, France
    Let´s entertain, MAM, Miami Art Museum, Miami, USA
    Stuffed, 1301PE, Los Angeles, USA
    Dévoler, IAC, Institut d’art contemporain Villeurbanne/Rhône-Alpes, Villeurbanne, France
    Missing Link. Menschen-Bilder in der Fotografie – Kunsthaus Dresden, Dresden, Germany
    Il ne faut pas se fier aux apparences, un train peut en cacher un autre, Abbaye St André, Centre d’art contemporain Meymac, Meymac, France
    Televisions, Kunst sieht fern, Kunsthalle Wien (Museumsquartier), Vienna, Austria

  • 2000

    Versiones del Sur: Cinco propuestas en torno al arte en América. F®icciones – Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid, Spain
    Au-delà du spectacle, Centre Pompidou, Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris, France
    Let´s entertain, Portland Art Museum, Portland, Canada
    Self-service, Five Years, London, UK
    Let’s Entertain, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, USA

  • 1999

    Persuasion: Tales of Persuasion and the Avant-Garde – UB Art Galleries – University of Buffalo, Buffalo, USA
    Missing Link. Menschen-Bilder in der Fotografie – Kunstmuseum Bern, Bern, Switxerland
    Le Capital, CRAC – Centre Régional d’Art Contemporain de Sète, Sète, France

  • 1998

    Aids-Worlds; Between Resignation and hope – CACT Centro d´Arte Contemporanea Ticino, Bellinzona, Switzerland
    Word Perfect, Gallery 400, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, USA
    Disappearing Act, Leslie Tonkonow Artworks + Projects, New York City, USA
    fast forward – 2. Abschnitt: FFWD trade marks, Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Produkt Kunst: Wo bleibt das Original? Ludwig Museum im Deutschherrenhaus, Koblenz, Germany
    Thinking Print: Books to Billboards, 1980-1995, Henry Art Gallery, Seattle, USA

  • 1997

    Produkt Kunst: Wo bleibt das Original? (touring) – Kunstsammlung Gera – Orangerie, Gera – Weserburg | Museum für moderne Kunst, Bremen
    Group Show, Corvi-Mora, London, UK
    Rococo Tattoo: The Ornamental Impulse in Toronto Art, The Power Plant, Toronto, Canada
    Disrupture: Postmodern Media Nam June Paik, Dara Birnbaum, and General Idea – San Francisco Museum of Modern Art – SFMOMA, San Francisco, USA
    La collection : œuvres phares – Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, Canada
    Produkt Kunst: Wo bleibt das Original?, Kunstmuseum Solothurn, Solothurn, Switzerland

  • 1996

    a/drift – Hessel Museum of Art & Center for Curatorial Studies Galleries at Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, USA

  • 1995

    Art Unlimited: Multiples of the 60s & 90s (subsequent touring), Centre for Contemporary Art (CCA), Glasgow, Scotland

  • 1994

    L’hiver de l’amour bis, Musée d’art moderne de la ville de Paris, Paris, France;
    P.S.1 Museum, New York, USA
    The Century of the Multiple, Deichtorhallen Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
    Le Saut Dans Le Vide / Der Sprung Ins Leere, Maison Centrale des Artistes, Moscow, Russia
    Body and Soul, Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, USA
    Public Interventions, Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, USA
    “Please, don’t hurt me!”, Galerie Snoei, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
    don’t look now, Thread Waxing Space, New York, USA

  • 1993

    Computerunterstützte Kunst, Künstlerwerkstatt Lothringerstraße München, Munich, Germany
    Tema AIDS, (touring exhibition),
    Sonje Henie-Neils Onstad Foundation, Hovikhodden, Norway;
    Bergen Kunstforning, Stockholm, Sweden
    Prints and Issues, Kunstwerke Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    From Media to Metaphor: Art About AIDS (ICI touring exhibition):
    Emerson Gallery, Hamilton College, Clinton, USA;
    Center of Contemporary Art, Seattle, USA;
    Sharadin Art Gallery, Kutztown, USA;
    Musée d’art contemporain de Montreal, Montreal, Canada;
    Grey Art Gallery and Study Center, New York University, New York, USA

  • 1992

    Transgressions in the White Cube: Territorial Mappings, Bennington College, Bennington, USA
    Multiples, Dörrie-Priess Galerie, Hamburg, Germany
    Art meets Ads, Kunsthalle Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany
    Stampa, Stampa Galerie, Basel, Switzerland
    Transform, Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Wiener Fest Wochen, Vienna, Austria
    David Clarkson, General Idea, Allan McCollum, S. L. Simpson Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Ballots and Bullets, Sally Hawkins Gallery, New York, USA
    Three or More-Multiplied art from Duchamp to the present, SPIRAL, Tokyo, Japan

  • 1991

    Multiples: Brian Boigon, General Idea, Douglas Walker, S. L. Simpson Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Curatorial Laboratory Project #7: Atlas, Art Gallery of Hamilton, Hamilton, Canada
    In Public: Seattle 1991, Security Pacific Gallery, Seattle, USA
    The Art of Advocacy, Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, USA
    ECART, Genève, Galerie van Gelder, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    All For Love, Tyler School of Art, Temple University, Philadelphia, USA
    Words & #’s, Wright State University, Dayton, USA
    Proiezioni, Castello di Rivara, Rivara, Italy
    Team Spirit (Independent Curators Incorporated touring exhibition):
    Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, USA;
    Cleveland Center for Contemporary Art,Cleveland, USA;
    The Art Museum at Florida International University, Miami, USA;
    Scottsdale Center for the Arts, Scottsdale Cultural Council, Scottsdale, USA; Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada;
    Laumeier Sculpture Park, St. Louis, USA;
    Salina Art Center and the Wichita Museum of Art, Salina and Wichita, USA
    Graphothek (touring exhibition), Goethe-Institut Vancouver, Vancouver, Canada; London Regional Art & Historical Museum, London, Canada;
    Maison de la Culture, Plateau Mont-Royal, Montreal, Canada;
    Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada
    Inquiries: Language into Art (touring exhibition): Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;
    McMaster University Art Gallery, Hamilton, Canada;
    Thunder Bay Art Gallery, Thunder Bay, Canada;
    Laurentian University Museum and Art Gallery, Sudbury, Canada;
    Rodman Hall Arts Centre, St. Catharines, Canada

  • 1990

    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA
    Grids, Vrej Baghoomian Gallery, New York, USA
    Language in Art, Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, USA
    Art Meets Science and Spirituality in a Changing Economy, Museum Fodor, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Word As Image, Bard College, Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, USA
    Stendhal Syndrome: The Cure, Andrea Rosen Gallery, New York, USA
    Serieel, Galerie Akinci, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    The Young and the Restless, The Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, USA
    The Indomitable Spirit (touring exhibition),
    International Centre of Photography, New York, USA;
    The Los Angeles Municipal Art Gallery, Los Angeles, USA

  • 1989

    Art About AIDS, Freedman Gallery, Albright College, Reading, USA
    A Call to Healing and Action, The Jewish Museum, New York, USA
    General Idea, Serge Kliaving, Wolfgang Staehle, Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA
    Fictions, Mirabel Montreal International Airport, Montreal, Canada
    D & S Austellung, Hamburger Kunstverein, Hamburg, Germany
    Homo Genius, Mercer Union Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Zeichnung und Skulptur, Stampa Galerie, Basel, Switzerland
    The Subject is AIDS, Nexus, Atlanta, USA
    Messages, Didactic Gallery, Plano, USA

  • 1988

    Neue Gesellschaft für Bildende Kunst, Berlin, Germany
    Dike Blair, Stephen Ellis, General Idea, Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA
    Des Emblemes Comme Attitudes, Ecole des Beaux Arts, Tourcoing, France
    Toward Common Ground, Real Art Ways, Hartford, USA
    Summer ’88, Koury Wingate Gallery, New York, USA
    Der Hund in mir – The Dog Within, Galerie Hubert Winter, Vienna, Austria
    1988: The World of Art Today (touring exhibition), Milwaukee Art Museum, USA;
    Roger Ramsay Gallery, Chicago, USA;
    National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada;
    Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA

  • 1987

    Modern Living, Jeffrey Linden Gallery, Los Angeles, USA
    Peter Blum Edition: Enzo Cucchi, General Idea, Brice Marden, James Turrell, Lorence-Monk Gallery, New York, USA
    Sign of the Times, Galerie Ghislaine Hussenot, Paris, France
    Material Functions, (touring exhibition): 49th Parallel, New York, USA;
    University of New York, Binghamton, USA
    (of Ever-Ever Land I Speak), Stux Gallery, New York, USA
    Galerie Daniel Buchholz, Cologne, Germany
    Japan 87 International Video and Television Festival, SPIRAL, Tokyo, Japan
    Documenta 8 , Kassel, Germany
    A Play of History, Power Plant, Toronto, Canada
    Sea to Shining Sea, Power Plant, Toronto, Canada
    Animal Art, Steirischer Herbst, Graz, Austria

  • 1986

    End Game: Reference and Simulation in Recent Painting and Sculpture , Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, USA
    Caravelle, Magasin, Centre National d’Art Contemporain de Grenoble, Grenoble, France
    The Interpretation of Architecture, YYZ Artists’ Outlet, Toronto, Canada
    How We See, What We Say, Harbourfront Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1985

    Four Legs Good, Harbourfront Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    International With Monument, New York, USA
    Aurora Borealis, CIAC, Montreal, Canada
    De Duppelganger, Aorta, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    TIME, (touring exhibition),: Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels, Belgium;
    Musée Rath, Geneva, Switzerland;
    Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek, Denmark;
    Kunsthalle, Mannheim, Germany;
    Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, Austria;
    Barbican Centre, London, United Kingdom
    Artistic Collaboration in the Twentieth Century (touring exhibition),
    Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C., USA;
    Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, USA;
    J. I. Speed Museum, Louisville, USA

  • 1984

    An International Survey of Recent Painting & Sculpture, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
    Dog Work – Dog Show, Interim Art, London, United Kingdom
    1984, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna, Austria
    International Art, Baskerville + Watson, New York, USA

  • 1983

    O Kanada, Akademie der Kunst, Berlin, Germany
    Künstler aus Kanada, Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, Germany
    Artists’ Architecture: Scenes and Conventions, ICA, London, United Kingdom
    Museums by Artists, (touring exhibition): Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;
    Musée d’art contemporain, Montreal, Canada;
    Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Canada
    Chromaliving, The Colonnade, Toronto, Canada
    Attitudes, Canadian National Exhibition, Toronto, Canada
    Pierre et Marie (in ruins of church), Paris, France

  • 1982

    Manner/sm: A Theory of Culture, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
    Sydney Biennale, Sydney, Australia
    Fiction (touring exhibition): Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;
    Windsor Art Gallery, Windsor, Canada;
    Glenbow Museum, Calgary, Canada;
    Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Canada;
    Laurentian University Art Gallery, Sudbury, Canada;
    Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada;
    49th Parallel, New York, USA
    Prefiguration and Figuration of the Catastrophe, Centre d’art contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland
    Documenta 7, Kassel, Germany
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    New Narratives for Living and Viewing, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Destroy Those Pictures, Chromazone, Toronto, Canada
    Beast, PS1, New York, USA
    Monumenta, YYZ, Toronto, Canada
    Prime Time Video, Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada
    Transmissions, Cambridge Art Gallery, Cambridge, Canada
    Celebration, ARC, Toronto, Canada

  • 1981

    Terminal Building, A Space, Toronto, Canada
    New Acquisitions, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1980

    Architectural References, Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
    Venice Biennale, Canadian Pavilion, Venice, Italy
    Pluralities, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    Words and Image, National Film Board Gallery, Ottawa, Canada
    Nuova Immagine, XVI Triennale, Palazzo Triennale, Milan, Italy
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1979

    Perspective ‘79, Basel Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland
    Station to Station, A Space, Toronto, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Galerie Marielle Mailhot, Montreal, Canada

  • 1978

    Kanadischer Künstler, Kunsthalle Basel, Basel, Switzerland
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1977

    Biennale des Jeunes, Paris, France
    03 23 03, Parachute, Montreal, Canada
    Transparent Things (touring exhibition): Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada; London Art Gallery, London, Canada;
    Art Gallery of Victoria, Victoria, Canada;
    Musée d’art contemporain, Montreal, Canada
    Punk Press, A Space, Toronto, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1976

    Forum ‘76, Musée des Beaux Arts, Montreal, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1975

    Present Company, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna at the Owens Art Gallery, Owens Art Gallery, Sackville, Canada

  • 1974

    Sincerely Yours, Granada Gazelle, Memo from Turner, Toronto, Canada

  • 1973

    Canada Trajectoires ‘73, Musée d’art moderne, Paris, France
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    Aktionen der Avant-garde, DAAD Gallery, Berlin, Germany

  • 1972

    New Acquisitions, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    Better Body Works, Burnaby Art Gallery, Burnaby, Canada
    Burnaby Print Show, Burnaby Art Gallery, Burnaby, Canada
    Realism, Emulsion and Omission: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, Kingston, Canada;
    University of Guelph Art Gallery, Guelph, Canada
    Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1971

    Image Bank Post Card Show, UBC Fine Arts Gallery, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

  • 1970

    Concept 70, Nightingale Gallery, Toronto, Canada

Selected Video Exhibitions & Broadcasts

  • 2013

    The Universal Addressability of Dumb Things, Nottingham Contemporary, Nottingham, UK
    DAAD Artists-in-Berlin Program, Berlin, Germany
    The image is a virus. Histories of Cinema 1980-1990s – Session 2. Parodies of the Subject, 1980s Television Proposals, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sophia, Madrid, Spain
    Indiana University Libraries, Bloomington, USA

  • 2012-14

    Vidéo vintage, (touring exhibition organized by Centre Pompidou, Paris, France),
    ZKM (Zentrum für Kunst und Medietechnologie), Karlesruhe, Germany;
    Beirut Art Center, Beirut, Lebanon;
    Oi Futuro Cultural Center, Belo Horizonte, Brazil;
    National Museum of Contemporary Art, Seoul, South Korea

  • 2012

    Young and Not Stupid / Radical Even Though Old, Anthology Film Archives, New York, USA Video Vintage, Centre George Pompidou, Paris, France

  • 2011-12

    Momentarily Learning from Mega-Events, Makan, Amman, Jordan
    Exchange and Evolution: Worldwide Video, Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, USA

  • 2011

    General Idea: Films and Videos, 1969-85 part of Queer Cinema from the Collection: Today and Yesterday, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA; Swarm, Western Front, Vancouver, Canada; Postmodernism: A video programme, Oakville Galleries, Oakville, Canada; ARGOS Centre for Art and Media, Brussels, Belgium

  • 2010

    Changing Channels: Kunst und Fernsehen 1963-1987 / Art and Television 1963-1987, MUMOK, Vienna, Austria
    Are You Ready for TV?, MACBA, Barcelona, Spain; CGAC (Centro Gallego de Arte Contemporánea), Santiago de Compostela, Spain

  • 2007

    53rd International Short Film Festival, Oberhausen, Germany
    Videokunst, Stampa, Basel, Switzerland

  • 2005

    General Idea, Filmwinter Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany
    General Idea, Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom

  • 2004

    Toronto, Xchange Club, Ocularis, Brooklyn, USA

  • 2003

    30 Jaar: Nederlandse Videokunst, Nederlands Instituut voor Mediakunst, Amsterdam
    Eternal Network: Videos from the Western Front Archives 1973-2001 (touring exhibition), The Western Front, Vancouver, Canada;
    Video Pool, Winnpeg, Canada;
    Vidéographe, Montréal, Canada.
    Art Star: Video Art Biennial, Saw Gallery, Ottawa

  • 2002

    Video Acts: Single Channel Works from the Collections of Pamela and Richard Kramlich and New Art Trust, PS1 Contemporary Art Center, Long Island City, USA

  • 2000-01

    Video Time, The Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA (touring)

  • 1997

    Video Plaza, Monte Video, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

  • 1994

    General Idea, World Wide Video Center, Den Haag, The Netherlands

  • 1993

    The Sequel: Shut the Fuck Up, 5e Semaine Internationale de Video, Geneva, SUISSE
    Videotapes by General Idea, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada

  • 1992

    General Idea, Taormina Arte Video, Taormina, Italy

  • 1991

    General Idea, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany

  • 1990

    General Idea, Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne, Germany

  • 1989

    Test Tube, Cornucopia, Shut the Fuck Up (broadcast), The Netherlands
    Video as Television, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
    General Idea Video Retrospective, Images ‘89 Festival, Toronto, Canada

  • 1987

    Japan 87 International Video Television Festival, SPIRAL, Tokyo, Japan

  • 1986

    Video Viewpoints, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA

  • 1985

    General Idea Retrospective, International Festival du Nouveau Cinema, Montreal, Canada
    Talking Back to the Media [festival], Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Test Tube (television broadcast), Much Music, Toronto, Canada

  • 1983

    Second Link – Viewpoints on Video in the Eighties (touring exhibition),
    Walter Phillips Gallery, Banff, Canada;
    Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA;
    Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
    A Space, Toronto, Canada;
    Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, USA;
    Institute of Contemporary Art, London, United Kingdom;
    Fukuoka Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan;
    Hara Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Japan;
    Hokkaido Asahikawa Museum of Art, Hokkaido, Japan;
    Education and Cultural City of Sapporo, Sapporo, Japan;
    Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Modern Art, Kobe, Japan;
    The Museum of Modern Art, Saitama, Japan

  • 1982

    Prime Time Video [television broadcast], Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada
    New Narratives for Livingroom Viewing, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
    Documenta 7, Kassel, Germany

  • 1981

    Portopia International Video Festival (award-winner), Kobe, Japan
    San Francisco Video Festival (broadcast), San Francisco, USA
    Frontiers [broadcast], WNED-TV, Buffalo, USA
    Video Video, Toronto Film Festival, Toronto, Canada

  • 1980

    Venice Biennale, Canadian Pavilion, Venice, Italy
    Test Tube, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1979

    Colour Bar Lounge, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    Video Weeks Essen, Museum Folkwang, Essen, Germany

  • 1978

    In Video (touring exhibition): Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada;
    Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada;
    Dalhousie Art Gallery, Halifax, Canada
    Another Dimension, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
    High Profile [slowscan transmission], Toronto, Canada
    Video Open (cablecast), Calgary, Canada
    Artists and the Media, Graz, Austria
    Towards an Audience Vocabulary [cablecast], Toronto, Canada
    Open Line [slowscan transmission between cities0, Toronto, New York, Memphis, San Francisco, Vancouver, Victoria, Canada and USA

  • 1977

    Pilot [television broadcast[ OECA TV Ontario, Toronto, Canada

  • 1976

    Projects Video VIII, Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
    Forum ‘76, Musée des Beaux Arts, Montreal, Canada
    Video International, Aarhus, Denmark
    Festival Calgary, Parachute Centre, Calgary, Canada

  • 1975

    Video Art (touring exhibition): Institute of Contemporary Art, Philadelphia, USA;
    Contemporary Art Centre, Cincinatti, USA;
    Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago, USA;
    Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, USA

  • 1974

    Project ‘74, Wallraf-Richartz Museum, Cologne, Germany
    Videoscape, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

  • 1972

    Light-On Documentation, Carmen Lamanna Gallery, Toronto, Canada

  • 1971

    Exposé —A Video Device, (video installation), A Space, Toronto, Canada

Performances

  • 2003

    XXX rose, MIT List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, USA

  • 1984

    XXX bleu, Centre d’Art Contemporarin, Geneva, Switzerland

  • 1982

    P is for Poodle: The Milky Way from the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion,
    O Kanada, Akademie der Künste, Berlin, Germany;
    The Music Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    The Honeymoon is Over, Sydney Biennial, Sydney, Australia

  • 1981

    The Honeymoon is Over, A Space, Toronto, Canada

  • 1979

    An Anatomy of Censorship, Body Politic Rally, Toronto, Canada;
    De Appel, Amsterdam, The Netherlands;
    Galerie Krinzinger, Innsbruck, Austria;
    Galerie Lucio Amelio, Naples, Italy;
    Centre d’Art Contemporain, Geneva, Switzerland;
    Art ‘79, Basel Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland;
    Modern Art Gallery, Vienna, Austria;
    I.C.C., Antwerp, Belgium;
    Agora Studios, Maastricht, The Netherlands

  • 1978

    Glamour, Institute of Contemporary Art, London, United Kingdom;
    Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol, United Kingdom;
    Galeria Lucio Amelio, Naples, Italy;
    Zona Galerie, Florence, Italy;
    Galeria Laboratorio, Milan, Italy;
    Art ‘78, Basel Art Fair, Basel, Switzerland
    Towards an Audience Vocabulary, Fifth Network/Cinquième Réseau, Toronto, Canada
    High Profile, CN Tower, Toronto, Canada

  • 1977

    Press Conference, The Western Front, Vancouver, Canada
    Hot Property!, Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
    Fleshed Out, St. Lawrence College, Kingston, Canada
    The Ruins of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, Kingston, Canada
    Glamour, The Western Front, Vancouver;
    Parachute Centre, Calgary;
    03 23 03, Montreal, Canada

  • 1976

    New York Gossip, A Space, Toronto, Canada
    Glamour, Plug In, Winnipeg, Canada

  • 1975

    Glamour, Columbia University, New York, USA
    Going thru the Motions, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

  • 1974

    Art’s Birthday/the Hollywood Decca Dance [collaboration w/ Lowell Darling, Willoughby Sharp, Image Bank, Glenn Lewis and the New York Corres Sponge Dance School of Vancouver, Dr. Brute and Lady Brute of Banal Beauty Inc. and the Western Front, and others] Elk’s Building, Hollywood, USA
    Blocking, The Western Front, Vancouver, Canada

  • 1972

    Humpty Dumpty, For Example, Norman Mackenzie Art Gallery, Regina, Canada

  • 1971

    The 1971 Miss General Idea Pageant, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

  • 1970

    A Frame of Mind (with Kati Hewko), Simon Fraser University and Vancouver School of Fine Arts, Vancouver, Canada
    Gertrude Stein Memorial Events, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, Canada
    Mantra/Naming Event, Nightingale Gallery, Toronto, Canada
    “What Happened,” Festival of Underground Theatre, St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts, Toronto, Canada
    “The 1970 Miss General Idea Pageant,” Festival of Underground Theatre, St. Lawrence Centre for the Arts, Toronto

  • 1969

    Purse Snatching (Felix Partz) Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada
    Laundromat Special #1, Theatre Passe Muraille, Toronto, Canada
    Laundromat Special #2 (on the streets of Toronto), Toronto, Canada
    Match My Strike, Poor Alex Theatre, Toronto, Canada
    Air Earth Fire Water Mantra, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada

Selected Awards & Prizes

  • 2006

    The Skowhegan Medal for Multimedia, New York, USA

  • 2002

    The Governor General’s Award in the Media and Visual Arts, Ottawa, Canada

  • 2001

    The Bell Canada Award for Video Art, The Canada Council, Ottawa, Canada

  • 1995

    Ovation! Namesake Awards, the General Idea Award, PWA Foundation, Toronto, Canada (awarded to General Idea in its first year and named after them)

  • 1994

    Jean A. Chalmers Award for Visual Arts, Toronto, Canada

  • 1993

    The Banff Centre for the Arts National Award, Banff, Canada
    Lifetime Achievement Award, City of Toronto, Canada

  • 1989

    Visual Arts Award, City of Toronto, Canada

  • 1988

    The Gershon Iskowitz Prize, Toronto, Canada

  • 1981

    International Video Art Festival, Portopia, Kobe, Japan

Bibliography

  • 2019

    Martin, Ashley, Superscreen at the MacKenzie Art Gallery explores Prairies counterculture history, thewhig.com, 8 March 2018.

  • 2018

    Batycka, Dorian, AA Bronson Reflects on Rochdale College, His Family’s Colonial History, and General Idea, hyperallergic.com 27 November 2018.
    Bronson, AA, After General Idea, Three Star Books, 2018
    Carrigan, Margaret, Juliet Helmke and Guelda Voien, The 51 Artists, Curators, Directors and Dealers Changing the Art World in 2018, observer.com, 9 May 2018.
    Carter Robinson, Paul, Gallery Weekend Berlin 2018 Round-Up, artlyst.com, 2 May 2018.
    De Wachter, Ellen Mara, AA Bronson + General Idea: Creativity as Viral Transmission, www.frieze.com, 30 October 2018.
    Judah, Hettie, The Best Shows in London During Frieze Week, frieze.com, 28 September 2018.
    Lebar, Nar Teki, 5 Shows in October, www.exhibitionary.com, 26 October 2018.
    Loiseau, Benoît, How a New Generation of Artists Tackles the Realities of HIV/AIDS, them.us, 11 April 2018.
    McDermott, Emily, 9 Highlights from Gallery Weekend Berlin, 30 April 2018.
    Michalska, Julia, Laurie Rojas, Art fest: Gallery Weekend Berlin takes over the city, theartnewspaper.com, 29 April 2018.
    Rojas, Laurie, Four must-see shows at Berlin's gallery weekend, theartnewspaper.com, 26 April 2018.
    -------, On View: Collection Highlights, Tate Etc., Issue 44, Autumn 2018, pp. 14-15
    -------, AA BRONSON + GENERAL IDEA’ at Maureen Paley, www.artnews.com, 1 November 2018

  • 2017

    The American Dream: pop to the present. London: Thames and Hudson in collaboration with the British Museum, pp.256-7. "General Idea: Broken Time" at Museo Jumex, Mexico City, moussemagazine.it, January 2017.
    Diner, Eli, General Idea, Museo Jumex/ Mexico City, Flash Art, March-April 2017, p.84.
    Kitnick, Alex, The Conformists, Artforum, pp.222-229.
    Viveros-Fauné, Christian, Museo Jumex Surveys ‘Fake News’ Pioneers General Idea, artnet.com, 3 February 2017.
    Viveros-Fauné, Christian, Feeding the Feedback Loop, ArtReview, March 2017, p. 47.
    ----, Artlyst Chooses Ten Of The Best From Frieze London 2017, artlyst.com, 5 October 2017.

  • 2016

    De Wachter, Ellen Mara, A Brief History of Collective, Elephant, Issue 29, Winter 2016-17, pp.84-87.
    Arning, Bill, Previews - General Idea: Broken Time, Artforum, vol.55, no.1, September 2016, p.177.
    Thom, Ian, General Idea’s Poodles, Mash Up: The Birth of Modern Culture, Black Dog Publishing Limited, Vancouver Art Gallery, 2016, pp. 184-185.----, Review: Mexico-Mexico City, Fundación Jumex: General Idea: Broken Time, Mousse., vol 33, December 2016- January 2017, p 430.

  • 2015

    Friedman, Julia, The Limits of What We Can Learn from Food-Themed Art, 5 January 2015

  • 2014

    Buck, Louisa, Outset: curators pick four, Frieze donates two more, The Art Newspaper, U. Allemandi &Co., 15 October 2014, p. 2
    Denson, G. Roger, Day without Art: Looking Back 25 Years, huffingtonpost.com, 01 December 2014

  • 2012

    Philip Monk, Glamour is Theft: A User’s Guide to General Idea: 1969-197, The Art Gallery of York University, Toronto
    Cosmic Laughter No. 1, Berlin: Sternberg Press, 28-29.
    Molesworth, Helen. This Will Have Been: Art, Love, & Politics in the 1980s, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago / Yale University Press, Chicago / New Haven.
    Print/Out, New York: Museum of Modern Art, 127, 219.

  • 2011

    Abeltshauser, Thomas. “Mit Whiskey, Butt- Plugs und Hahnenfedern.” Monopol, Berlin, October
    Aubart, Francois. “General Idea.” Flash Art, Milan, April. 98.
    Beauvallet, Eve. “General Idea: La Classe Canadienne.” Vogue Paris, Paris.
    Becourt, Julian. “Plus d’Art.” Chronic’art, April 01, p81.
    Benhamou, Eric. “Une Certaine idée de l’art et de la societé.” La Tribune, Paris, March 03, p27.
    de Bourbon Parme, Aude. “General idea: L’ Esprit Contestataire Des Annees 1970-1980.” Art Actuel, March 03, pp103-105.
    Broqua, Cecile and Cyril Verges, “ Tritherapie de Group.” 02, April, p65.
    Burleley, Isabella. “ Haute Culture: General Idea.” I.D. Online.
    “Caniche, glamour et subversion.” Technikart, April. 115.
    Edmonson,Tess. “General Idea: AA Bronson Talks Haute Culture.” Canadian Art, Toronto, July 28 canadianart.ca
    Fetis, Laurent. “AA Bronson General Idea.” Clark Magazine, Paris, January 01, pp107-115.
    General Idea. [monograph] Zurich/Paris: JRP/Ringier “General Idea: A Major Retrospective,” Art Matters, Toronto, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp10-11.
    Genies, Bernard. “Chercheurs de realite.” Le Nouvel Obs Tele, March 03, p.20.
    Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture. [exhibition catalogue] Washington: Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.
    Ippolito, Enrico. “Versuchen Sie doch mal, im Restaurant über das Arschloch zu redden.” Taz: die Tagezeitung, Berlin, 29/30 October, pp. 26-27.
    Kenig, Ariel. “Culture General.” Art Programme, March 01, 2011. p16.
    Lefort, Gerard. “General Idea, la grande vadrouille.” Libération. March 22, pp32-33.
    Lequex, Emmanuelle. “General Idea, ‘art delicat de l’infiltration’.” Le Monde, Paris, February 17 p23.
    Neyrat, Frédéric. “Coalitions: Points de vue sur le monde.” Multitudes, Les Lilas, No. 45, pp64-71, 222.
    Oddos, Valerie. 2011. “ Le collectif General Idea au Musee d’art modern.” France 2. culture.france2.fr
    d’Olivier, Cena. “ La Marque du pluriel.” Telerama_Chronique. March 09, 2011. p49.
    Perra, Daniele. “Il Trio di canadesi che invento gli anni 80.” GQ, Italy, February 2011. p188.
    Picard, Gregory. 2011. “General Idea: culture hautemement actuelle” Artinfo-france. www.lepost.fr
    Quaintance, Morgan. “ General Idea: Haute Culture.” Art Monthly, April 2011. p345.
    Ramade, Benedicte. “Good Idea!” L’Oeil, Paris, February 01, 2011. pp64-71.
    Reneau, Olivier, “General Idea Contre-Attaque.” L’Optimum, February 01, pp36-37.
    Rigollet, Catherine. “General Idea. Retrospective, 1969 – 1994.” L’Agora des Arts lagoradesarts.fr
    Rosenberg, Karen. “A Haunting Tour, One Room at a Time.” The New York Times, New York, January 20, 2011. C31.
    Saltz, Jerry. “ Up Close and Personal.” New York Magazine, New York, January 21, 2011.
    Trembley, Nicolas. “Get the Idea.” Artforum, New York, 2011. artforum.com
    Troncy, Eric. “aux origins de General Idea.” art press, Paris, February 01, 2011. pp48-53.
    Vartanian, Hrag “ Paris Gets the General Idea” March 11, 2011 hyperallergic.com

  • 2010

    Abeltshauser, Thomas. “Mit Whiskey, Butt- Plugs und Hahnenfedern.” Monopol, Berlin, October
    Aubart, Francois. “General Idea.” Flash Art, Milan, April. 98.
    Beauvallet, Eve. “General Idea: La Classe Canadienne.” Vogue Paris, Paris.
    Becourt, Julian. “Plus d’Art.” Chronic’art, April 01, p81.
    Benhamou, Eric. “Une Certaine idée de l’art et de la societé.” La Tribune, Paris, March 03, p27.
    de Bourbon Parme, Aude. “General idea: L’ Esprit Contestataire Des Annees 1970-1980.” Art Actuel, March 03, pp103-105.
    Broqua, Cecile and Cyril Verges, “ Tritherapie de Group.” 02, April, p65.
    Burleley, Isabella. “ Haute Culture: General Idea.” I.D. Online.
    “Caniche, glamour et subversion.” Technikart, April. 115.
    Edmonson,Tess. “General Idea: AA Bronson Talks Haute Culture.” Canadian Art, Toronto, July 28 canadianart.ca
    Fetis, Laurent. “AA Bronson General Idea.” Clark Magazine, Paris, January 01, pp107-115.
    General Idea. [monograph] Zurich/Paris: JRP/Ringier “General Idea: A Major Retrospective,” Art Matters, Toronto, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp10-11.
    Genies, Bernard. “Chercheurs de realite.” Le Nouvel Obs Tele, March 03, p.20.
    Hide/Seek: Difference and Desire in American Portraiture. [exhibition catalogue] Washington: Smithsonian Books, Washington, D.C.
    Ippolito, Enrico. “Versuchen Sie doch mal, im Restaurant über das Arschloch zu redden.” Taz: die Tagezeitung, Berlin, 29/30 October, pp. 26-27.
    Kenig, Ariel. “Culture General.” Art Programme, March 01, 2011. p16.
    Lefort, Gerard. “General Idea, la grande vadrouille.” Libération. March 22, pp32-33.
    Lequex, Emmanuelle. “General Idea, ‘art delicat de l’infiltration’.” Le Monde, Paris, February 17 p23.
    Neyrat, Frédéric. “Coalitions: Points de vue sur le monde.” Multitudes, Les Lilas, No. 45, pp64-71, 222.
    Oddos, Valerie. 2011. “ Le collectif General Idea au Musee d’art modern.” France 2. culture.france2.fr
    d’Olivier, Cena. “ La Marque du pluriel.” Telerama_Chronique. March 09, 2011. p49.
    Perra, Daniele. “Il Trio di canadesi che invento gli anni 80.” GQ, Italy, February 2011. p188.
    Picard, Gregory. 2011. “General Idea: culture hautemement actuelle” Artinfo-france. www.lepost.fr
    Quaintance, Morgan. “ General Idea: Haute Culture.” Art Monthly, April 2011. p345.
    Ramade, Benedicte. “Good Idea!” L’Oeil, Paris, February 01, 2011. pp64-71.
    Reneau, Olivier, “General Idea Contre-Attaque.” L’Optimum, February 01, pp36-37.
    Rigollet, Catherine. “General Idea. Retrospective, 1969 – 1994.” L’Agora des Arts lagoradesarts.fr
    Rosenberg, Karen. “A Haunting Tour, One Room at a Time.” The New York Times, New York, January 20, 2011. C31.
    Saltz, Jerry. “ Up Close and Personal.” New York Magazine, New York, January 21, 2011.
    Trembley, Nicolas. “Get the Idea.” Artforum, New York, 2011. artforum.com
    Troncy, Eric. “aux origins de General Idea.” art press, Paris, February 01, 2011. pp48-53.
    Vartanian, Hrag “ Paris Gets the General Idea” March 11, 2011 hyperallergic.com

  • 2009

    Berührungs-punkte/correspondences. Zurich: Edition Fink, 2009.
    Madesclaire, Tim. “Was General Idea Gay Enough?” La Revue Monstre, Paris, Numéro 1, December 2009. pp8-41.

  • 2008

    Fitzpatrick, Andrea D. “The Life in Death of Photography: A Portrait by AA Bronson and Jorge Zontal.” BlackFlash, Saskatoon, Vol. 26. #1, 2008. pp7-16.
    Fusco, Maria, That’s Life, Frieze 119, November-December 2008
    Obrist, Hans Ulrich. “General Idea.” Uovo 17, Turin, April-June 2008. 196-220.
    Revues d’artistes. Une selection. Fougères, Rennes, Paris: Association Arcade, Lendroit Galerie, Éditions Provisoires, 2008. pp17, 80, 82-85, 92-95, 114.
    They Shoot Homos Don’t They? Melbourne, Issue 005, August 2008. pp100-101.
    “Unter Viren: File Megazine.” spex, Berlin, May/June, 2008. pp132-135.

  • 2007

    Decter, Joshua. “Infect the Public Domain with an Imagevirus: General Idea’s AIDS Project.” Afterall, London, Number 15, 2007. pp96-105.
    “El contra arte de General Idea.” El Pais, Madrid, January 28, 2007. p40.
    Fonds régional d’art contemporain Limousin. Limoges:Frac Limousin, 2007. pp104-105.
    Kunstlerplakate, Pfaffikon/Cologne: Seedamm Kulturzentrum/Kathe Kollwitz Museum. pp232-233.
    Mays, John. “Letter from Toronto.” Canadian Art, Toronto, Winter 2007. pp76-79.
    O’Brian, John, and Peter White, eds. Beyond Wilderness: The Group of Seven, Canadian Identity, and Contemporary Art. Montreal: McGill Queens University Press, 2007.
    O’Neil, Paul. “Group Practice.” Art Monthly, London, March 2007. pp7-10.
    Scenes and Sequences, Peter Blum Edition, New York. Aarau: Aargauer Kunsthaus, 2007. pp98-101.
    Trebay, Guy. “Gay Art: A Movement, Or at Least A Moment.” The New York Times, New York, Sunday, May 6, 2007. Section 9, pp1-2.
    Trembley, Nicholas. “L’exorciste”, Numéro, Paris, #84, 2007.
    Untitled Magazine, New York: Feature Gallery, 2007.

  • 2006

    Analogue. Preston: University of Central Lancashire, 2006.
    Art Now: 2007 Taschen Calendar. Cologne: Taschen, 2006.
    Cheetham, Mark A. Abstract Art Against Autonomy: Infection, Resistance, and Cure Since the 60s. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
    Henry, Victoria, ed. Art at Work / L’Art au travail. Ottawa: Goose Lane Editions and Canada Council for the Arts, 2006. pp86, 87, 94, 95.
    Leisure: an art journal #0, Los Angeles, 2006. p6.
    Lovely Daze Issue 3: When I am alone, everything is so surreal, New York, 2006. pp4-9.
    Release. Zurich: JRP | Ringier, 2006. p43.

  • 2005

    At the Mercy of Others. [exhibition catalogue] New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2005.
    Auricchio, Laura. “New York.” Art Papers, New York, May/June 2005. pp48-49.
    Cheetham, Mark A. “Matting the Monochrome: Malevich, Klein, and Now.” Art Journal, New York, Winter 2005. pp94-109.
    Collective Creativity/Kollective Kreativitat. [exhibition catalogue] Kassel: Kunsthalle Fridericianum, 2005.
    Cotter, Holland. “Trade.” The New York Times, February 23, 2005.
    Expérience de la durée: Biennale de Lyon 2005. Paris: Paris Musées, 2005. pp142-145.
    Frank, Peter. “The Dish: Art.” Angeleno, Los Angeles, 2005.
    Gallo, Peter. “The Enduring Ephemera of General Idea.” Art in America, New York, March 2005. pp80-83.
    Kelley, Mike. Interviews, Conversations, and Chit-chat (1986-2004). Zurich/Dijon: JRP/Ringier and Les Presses du réeal, 2005. pp240-251.
    Miller, Earl. “FILE Under Anarchy.” C Magazine, Toronto, Issue 88, Winter 2005. pp30-35.
    Pagel, David. “The message is back—this time with tales to tell.” Los Angeles Times, Los Angeles, March 30, 2005.
    Renard, Emelie. “Une Avalanche de Crème Chantilly du Canada.” 02 Revue d’art contemporain, spring 2005. pp26-27
    Renaud, Jean-François. Beyond redemption: Gay Erotic Art. Vancouver: Belkin Satellite, 2005.
    Robinson, Andrew. “The Way Art Should Work.” Gay City, New York, 10-16 March 2005.

  • 2004

    Dempsey, Shawna. Live in the Centre [exhibition catalogue] Winnipeg: Winnipeg Art Gallery, 2004.
    Enright, Robert. “Particularizing Some General Idea.” BorderCrossings, Winnipeg, Issue No. 89. pp28-44.
    Harwood, Andrew. “Transcendental Kiss.” Xtra West, Vancouver, July 22, 2004. p54.
    Laurence, Robin. “Death and Rebirth Meet Disco Mirrors.” The Georgia Straight, Vancouver, July 15, 2004.
    les 20 ans du CIAC : 1984 – 2004. Montreal: CIAC, 2004. p30.
    McLaughlin, Gord. “From art to death to life.” Eye Weekly, Toronto, February 5, 2004.
    Michael Petry, Hidden Histories, Artmedia Press, London, 2004.
    Michael Turner, “Solo show asks viewer to look for its artist”, The Vancouver Sun, Vancouver, July 24, 2004.
    Milroy, Sarah. “Taking the Road less Travelled.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, May 1, 2004
    Zielinski, Ger. “General Idea:Editions 1967-1995.” Parachute, Montreal, #113 (January, February, March 2004). p114.

  • 2003

    AIDS RIOT: Artist Collectives against AIDS, New York, 1987-1994. Grenoble: Magasin, 2003.
    Berry, Ian. Nayland Blake: Some Kind of Love. [exhibition catalogue] Saratoga Springs: The Tang Teaching Museum and Art Gallery, Skidmore College, 2003.
    “Bursting Life.” Xtra!, Toronto, December 11, 2003
    Carr, C. “A World of Their Own: General Idea Made Art from Culture’s Forgotten Shell.” Village Voice, June pp18-24, 2003.
    Cotter, Holland. “By and About Men, and They’re Running With It.” New York Times, New York, August 8, 2003.
    Cousineau-Levine, Penny. Faking Death: Canadian Art Photography and the Canadian Imagination. Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003.
    Freedman, Adele. “BZZZ BZZZ BZZZ.” Elm Street: The Look, Toronto, Spring 2003.
    Goddard, Peter. “at the Power Plant.” The Toronto Star, December 20, 2003.
    Goddard, Peter. “The General Idea assimilated.” Toronto Star, Toronto, January 26, 2003. D11.
    Golonu, Berin. “Sited on Paper: A Defining View of Artist’s Publications.” Sight Lines: Thesis Projects 2003. San Francisco: CCAC, 2003.
    Greco, Michael. “General Idea Editions 1967-1995.” Lola 16, Toronto, Summer
    Heartney, Eleanor. “Is the Body More Beautiful When It’s Dead?” New York Times, June 1, 2003.
    Heartney, Eleanor. “Images of death: pushing the boundaries.” International Herald Tribune, June 4, 2003.
    Jonquet, François. “Arriere-train d’avant-garde.” Nova Magazine, Paris, November 2003.
    Joos, Jean-Ernest. “Being One Among Others: The Uniqueness of the Artist in the Face of Anonymity.” Parachute 109, Montreal, Canada, 2003.
    “Jorge Zontal, Felix Partz and AA Bronson.” a&u, Albany, February 2003.
    The Magnetic Era: Video Art in the Netherlands 1970 – 1985. Rotterdam: Nai Publishers, 2003
    Milroy, Sarah. “The Enigma that was General Idea.” Globe & Mail, Toronto, February 14, 2003.
    Milroy, Sarah. “Reflections of a survivor.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, December 29, 2003.
    Osborne, Catherine. “Method in his Madness.” National Post, Toronto, December 20, 2003.
    Pandemic: Facing AIDS. New York: Umbrage Editions and Moxie Firecracker Films, 2003.
    Phillips, Tony. “Tick Tick Boom.” Gay City News, New York, January 3-9, 2003.
    Strong, Lester. “Hanging in There.” a&u, Issue 106, August 2003.

  • 2002

    10 Jahre. Kraichtal: Ursula Blickle Stiftung, 2002.
    Art & Economy. [exhibition catalogue] Hamburg: Hatje Cantz, Hamburg, 2002.
    Bonnet, Frédéric. “Mademoiselle General Idea.” Vogue, Paris, No. 830, September, 2002.
    Cabello, Helena, and Ana Carceller. “En las distancias cortas. Anotaciones sobre la creacion artistica en colaboracion.” Exit 7, Madrid, 2002.
    Diedrichsen, Diedrich. “Glad Rag.” Artforum, New York, April, 2002.
    Elias, Dan. “Rediscovering the Value of Art.” artsMedia, Boston, March 15-April 15, 2002.
    Ferber, Lawrence. “Ultimate aesthete.” New York Blade, New York, April 5, 2002.
    Flores, Andrea E. “Holding a Mirror to Human Tragedy.” The Harvard Crimson, Cambridge, February 15, 2002.
    Golden Streams. [exhibition catalogue] Mississauga: Blackwood Gallery, University of Toronto, 2002.
    Hill, Shawn. “The look of AIDS.” Bay Windows, Boston, March 14, 2002.
    Lebovici, Elisabeth. “Trente ans de détournements.” Libération, Paris, 13 September, 2002.
    McQuaid, Cate. “A brazen ‘Mirror’ reflects our mortality.” The Boston Globe, Boston, 2/22/2002.
    Mirror Mirror. [exhibition catalogue] Cambridge: MIT List Visual Arts Center,
    2002.
    “Pasta Paintings: Méchants plateaux-repas.” Nova Magazine, Paris, September, 2002.
    Public Affairs. [exhibition catalogue] Zurich: Kunsthaus Zurich, 2002.
    Rapture: Art’s Seduction by Fashion. [exhibition catalogue] London: Thames & Hudson, 2002.
    Sherman, Mary. “MIT show ‘Mirrors’ artist’s meditative journey.” Boston Sunday Herald, February 17, 2002.
    Stoffman, Judy. “Canadian Artist Honoured.” The Toronto Star, January 3, 2002.
    Thomas, Catherine, ed. The Edge of Everything. Banff: Banff Centre Press, 2002.
    Tragatschnig, Ulrich. “Angst.” Camera Austria, #77, 2002.
    Whitney Biennial 2002. [exhibition catalogue] New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 2002.

  • 2001

    Cheetham, Mark A. Kant, Art, and Art History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
    Dault, Gary Michael. “General Idea at Susan Hobbs.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, Saturday, February 3, 2001.
    “The Death of Irony.” BorderCrossings, Issue No. 77, 2001.
    Domains.” The Toronto Star, Toronto, February 10, 2001.
    Extra Art: A Survey of Artists’ Ephemera, 1960-1999. [exhibition catalogue] San Francisco/Santa Monica: CCAC/Smart Art Press, 2001.
    F®ICCIONES. [exhibition catalogue] Madrid: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, 2001.
    Glusker, Anne. “Collective Memory.” Elle, New York, January 2001.
    Gordon, Daphne. “The Copyright Marks The Border Between The Public And Private
    Princenthal, Nancy. “Artist’s Book Beat.” Art on Paper, July-August 2001.
    Rooks, Michael. “Letting Go of General Idea.” Dialogue, Chicago, January/February 2001.
    Rosenfeld, Kathryn. “Triple Self-Portrait Minus Two.” New Art Examiner, Chicago, July- August, 2001.
    Shewey, Don. “Good Grief.” The Advocate, February 13, 2001.
    Taylor, Kate. “Why Gallery-going is an art form.” The Globe & Mail, July 26, 2001.
    Televisions. [exhibition catalogue] Vienna: Kunsthalle Wien, 2001.

  • 2000

    “Augen der Seele.” Neue Wochenschau, Vienna, November 1, 2000.
    Baker, Steve. The Postmodern Animal. London: Reaktion Books, 2000.
    Horny, Henriette. “Bilder über Lieber.” Kurier, Vienna, October 5, 2000.
    Krumpl, Doris. “Der Abschied als Neubeginn.” Der Standard, Vienna, October 21, 2000.
    Let’s Entertain: Life’s Guilty Pleasures [exhibition catalogue] Minneapolis: Walker Art Center, 2000.
    MacDonald, Anne, ed. Artspace was a Place in Time. San Francisco: Artspace Books, 2000.
    Magnetic North [exhibition catalogue] Minneapolis/Winnipeg: Walker Art Center/Video Pool, 2000.
    Martinez, Christina Sofia. “Marques déposées. General Idea, la critique de l’art et de la propriété intellectuelle.” Les Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, Hiver 1999-2000.
    Martinez, Christina Sofia. “Marques déposées. General Idea, la critique de l’art et de la propriété intellectuelle.” Les Cahiers du Musée national d’art moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, Hiver 1999-2000.
    Mayer, Antje. “Alptraum: AA Bronson erinnert an Jorge und Felix.” Kunstzeitung, November 2000.
    Rian, Jeff. “Purple Special: General Idea, A Visual History.” purple, Paris, Number 5, Summer ‘00.
    Schor, Gabriele. “Dort, wo das Leben endet.” Neue Züricher Zeitung, Zurich, October 30, 2000.
    Tout le Temps/Every Time [exhibition catalogue] Montreal: La Biennale de Montréal, CIAC, 2000.

  • 1999

    Exley, Roy. “General Idea.” Parachute, Montreal, Issue 93, January-March 1999.
    Kelley, Mike. “Geheimgeschichten: Interviews mit Mary Woronov, Sebastian, Pamela des Barres, AA Bronson.” Texte zur Kunst, Cologne, Heft 35, September 1999.
    Lee, Pamela M. “Freiwillige Musealisierung”, Texte zur Kunst, Cologne, Heft 34, June 1999.
    Mark, Lisa Gabrielle. “General Idea”, Poliester, Col. Condesa, Vol. 8, #26, fall 1999.
    Murray, Joan. Canadian Art in the Twentieth Century. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1999.
    The Museum as Muse. [exhibition catalogue] New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1999.
    Nasgaard, Roald. “The Museum as Muse Amused.” Canadian Art, Toronto, Summer, 1999.
    Riemschneider, Burkhard, and Uta Grosenick, eds. Art at the Turn of the Millennium. Cologne: Benedikt Taschen Verlag GMBH, 1999.
    Wege, Astrid. “In der Glaskugel.” Texte zur Kunst, Heft 34, June 1999. 157-162.

  • 1998

    Exley, Roy. “General Idea.” Parachute, Montreal, Issue 93, January-March 1999.
    Kelley, Mike. “Geheimgeschichten: Interviews mit Mary Woronov, Sebastian, Pamela des Barres, AA Bronson.” Texte zur Kunst, Cologne, Heft 35, September 1999.
    Lee, Pamela M. “Freiwillige Musealisierung”, Texte zur Kunst, Cologne, Heft 34, June 1999.
    Mark, Lisa Gabrielle. “General Idea”, Poliester, Col. Condesa, Vol. 8, #26, fall 1999.
    Murray, Joan. Canadian Art in the Twentieth Century. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1999.
    The Museum as Muse. [exhibition catalogue] New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1999.
    Nasgaard, Roald. “The Museum as Muse Amused.” Canadian Art, Toronto, Summer, 1999.
    Riemschneider, Burkhard, and Uta Grosenick, eds. Art at the Turn of the Millennium. Cologne: Benedikt Taschen Verlag GMBH, 1999.
    Wege, Astrid. “In der Glaskugel.” Texte zur Kunst, Heft 34, June 1999. 157-162.

  • 1997

    Adams, Kathleen Pirrie. “Exploding Possibilities.” XTRA! (No. 341), Toronto, November 20, 1997.
    General Idea. [exhibition catalogue] Chicago: Arts Club of Chicago, 1997.
    Green, Charles. “General Idea.” World Art Number 14, Victoria, Australia, 1997.
    Hume, Christopher. “When Toronto got the General Idea.” The Toronto Star, Toronto, October 18, 1997.
    Mark, Lisa Gabrielle. “Letter from Toronto.” C Magazine, Issue #56, Toronto, November 1997.
    Mays, John Bentley. “A General Idea whose time has come.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, 1997.
    Rococo Tattoo. [exhibition catalogue] Toronto: Power Plant, 1997.
    The Search for the Spirit: General Idea 1968-1975. [exhibition catalogue] Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1997.

  • 1996

    Ardene, Paul. Art, l’Age Contemporain. Paris: Editions du Regard, 1996.
    “Art of Dogs.” Brutus, Tokyo, March 1, 1996.
    Bridger, Steve. “Virus at the VAG.” Angles, Vancouver, July 1996.
    Gale, Peggy, and Lisa Steele, eds. Video re/View. Toronto: Art Metropole and V tape, 1996. 14, 119, 403-10.
    Immen, Wallace. “AIDS hope tempered with caution.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, July 4, 1996. A8.
    Insite, Toronto, (Vol. V, no. 3), March 1996 (cover and table of contents).
    Laurence, Robin. “A Ghostly Space for Grieving.” Georgia Straight, Vancouver, July 4-11, 1996.
    Le Thorel-Daviot, Pascale. Petit Dictionnaire des artistes contemporains. Paris: Bordas, 1996.
    McLeod, Donald W. Lesbian and Gay Liberation in Canada. Toronto: ECW/Homewood Books, 1996.
    Ord, Douglas. “An Archeology of Desires.” BorderCrossings, Winnipeg, summer, 1996.
    Perucchi-Petri, Ursula. Künstler-Videos. [exhibition catalogue] Zurich: Kunsthaus Zurich, 1996.
    ReGROUPING: A Living Legacy. [exhibition catalogue in video format] Kleinburg: McMichael Collection, 1996.
    Ross, Christine. Images de surface. L’art vidéo reconsidéré. Montreal: Editions Artextes, 1996.
    Roy, Charles. Living & Serving: Persons with HIV in the Canadian AIDS Movement. Ottawa: Canadian AIDS Society, 1996
    Sava, Sharla. “As If the Oceans Were Lemonade: The Performance Vision of Robert Filliou and the Western Front.” Vancouver: Master’s thesis, University of British Columbia, 1996.
    Scott, Michael. “AIDS is the General Idea.” The Weekend Sun, Vancouver, June 1, 1996.
    Smith, Roberta. “Savoring a Medium Whose Bite Has Grown With Time.” The New York Times, New York, June 24, 1996.
    Tone, Lilian. “General Idea/Projects 56.” [exhibition brochure] New York: Museum of Modern Art, November 28, 1996-January 7, 1997.
    Trescher, Stephan. General Idea. Die Kanadische Künstlergruppe. [monograph] Nürnberg: Verlag für Moderne Kunst, 1996
    Wye, Deborah. Thinking Print: Books to Billboards, 1980-95. [exhibition catalogue] New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996.
    Wye, Deborah. Thinking Print: Books to Billboards, 1980-95. [exhibition newsprint pamphlet] New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1996.
    Sava, Sharla. “As If the Oceans Were Lemonade: The Performance Vision of Robert Filliou and the Western Front.” Vancouver: Master’s thesis, University of British Columbia, 1996.

  • 1995

    AIGA Journal of Graphic Design, Vol. 12, #4, New York, 1995. 53 and back cover.
    Aquin, Stephane. “Etats generaux.” Voir, Montreal, September 7, 1995.
    Blake, Nayland, and Lawrence Rinder. In a Different Light: Visual Culture, Sexual Identity, Queer Practice, San Francisco: City Lights, San Francisco, 1995.
    Cheetham, Mark. “The Sublime is Again (Now).” C Magazine, Toronto, winter, 1995.
    Collison, Robert. “Party of Three.” Saturday Night, September 1995. 85-90.
    Couelle, Jennifer. “Les traces d’une complicite tenace.” Le Devoir, Montreal, September 9 & 10, 1995.
    Duncan, Ann. “Farewell to a Notion.” The Gazette, Montreal, September 16, 1995.
    Fulford, Robert. “A shining example of propaganda art.” The Globe & Mail, Toronto, April 26, 1995.
    Gale, Gale. Videotexts. Toronto: The Power Plant, 1995.
    Hanna, Deidre. “General Idea’s fab last stand mocks Modernism.” Now, Toronto, June 8-14, 1995.
    Hannon, Gerald. “General Idea.” Canadian Art, Toronto, Volume 12, Number 3. 93.
    Indiana, Gary. “from LOVE to AIDS: the Death and Life of General Idea.” Village Voice, New York, December 5, 1995.
    Laurence, Robin. “Ironic and anarchic – get the General Idea?” The Sun, Vancouver, April 1, 1995.
    Mays, John Bentley. “End of an era for Canadian art’s big Idea.” The Globe & Mail, Toronto, June 24, 1995.
    Nannucci,Maurizio. Bookmakers. Saint-Yrieix-la-Perche: Pays-Paysage, 1995.
    Russell, Bruce. “Bronson, AA.” Allgemeines Künstler-Lexikon: Die Bildenden Künstler aller Zeiten und Völker. Munich and Leipzig: K.G. Saur, 1995 (vol. 14).
    Sheehan, Nik. “The infectious glamour of General Idea.” Xtra!, Toronto, June 9, 1995.
    Trescher, Stephan. “General Idea: Alles in der Schwebe halten.” Jahrbuch ‘95. Institut für moderne Kunst Nürnberg, Nürnberg, 1995.
    Vanel, Hervé. “ONU soit qui mal y pense!” Beaux Arts, Paris, September, 1995.
    von Furstenberg, Adelina, ed. Dialogues of Peace. [exhibition catalogue] Geneva: Palais des Nations, 1995.

  • 1994

    Ballantyne, Robert. Glamour, Pageantry and Knives: Gay Identity in FILE Megazine. Vancouver: Master’s thesis, University of British Columbia, 1994
    Bradley, Jessica, and Lesley Johnstone, eds. Sightlines: Reading Contemporary Canadian Art. Montreal: Artextes editions, 1994. 10, 14, 125-26, 277-78, 282.
    Dault, Michael Gary. Canadian Art, Toronto, spring 1994. back page.
    Dorsey, John. “Body and Soul.” The Baltimore Sun, Baltimore, June 19, 1994. 10H.
    Gale, Peggy. Showcards, General Idea. Ottawa: Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, 1994.
    “Imagevirus (Times Square).” Canadian Art, Toronto, fall 1994. 15.
    Jaarverslag 1994: World Wide Video Centre. The Hague: World Wide Video Centre, 1994.
    Lesezimmer II [exhibition catalogue] Stuttgart: Künstlerhaus Stuttgart, 1994.
    Mays, John Bentley. “A high loss of poetry, wisdom.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, June 11, 1994. C11.
    Mays, John Bentley. “General Idea’s brilliant trinity diminished by Zontal’s death.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, February 5, 1994. C13.
    Meneguzzo, Marco. “Tre cuccioli di foca per «General Idea».” L’Avvenire, Milan, February 26, 1994.
    Trescher, Stephan. “General Idea: INFE©TED.” Kunstforum, Cologne, November/ December 1994. 413-414.

  • 1993

    Baker, Kenneth. “Art and AIDS – a Fine Line.” San Francisco Chronicle, July 22, 1993. D1, D3.
    Buchanan, Hamish. “Get the Idea?” Xtra!, Toronto, March 5, 1993. 13.
    Daneen, Janice. “The Toronto Arts Awards: Felix Partz, AA Bronson, Jorge Zontal / General Idea / Lifetime Achievement.” The Toronto Star, Toronto, September 9, 1993. E3.
    Friedman, Roberto. “Happy ‘Fin de siècle’.” Bay Area Reporter: Arts & Entertainment, July 29, 1993, Volume XXIII, No. 30. 37, 44.
    General Idea: Multiples – Catalogue Raisonné, Multiples and Prints 1967-1993. Toronto: S.L. Simpson Gallery, 1993.
    Jones, Gareth. “Real Life in Maracaibo.” publicsfear, New York, 1993. 4-10.
    McGrath, Jerry. “General Idea.” C Magazine, Toronto, summer 1993. 44-45.
    Parreno, Philipe. “General Idea.” Documents, Paris, October 1993. 21-26.
    Riley, Bob. “Approaching the Fin de siècle with General Idea.” 1993 At the Modern, July/August, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, 1993. 2.
    Roche, Harry. “Infectious Appeal.” San Francisco Sentinel: The Other Side, August 11, 1993, Volume 21, Number 32. Cover, 31.
    Smolik, Noemi. “General Idea’s Fin de siècle.” Canadian Art, Toronto, spring 1993. 67-68.
    Taylor, Kate. “Peeking behind the façade that is General Idea.” The Globe & Mail, Toronto, March 6, 1993. C10.
    Wallace, Keith, ed. Whispered Art History: Twenty Years at the Western Front. Vancouver: Western Front, 1993.

  • 1992

    Becker, Jochen. “General Idea’s »Fin de siècle«.” Kunstforum, Cologne, November/December 1992. 362-363.
    Foss, Paul. “General Idea: Fin de siècle.” Art + Text, Paddington, Australia, September 1992. 30-35.
    Forstbauer, Nikolai B. “General Idea: Fin de siècle.” Zyma, Stuttgart, September/October 1992. 4-11.
    General Idea: El Dorado (Maracaibo) [exhibition catalogue] Madrid: Galeria Fucares, 1992.
    General Idea’s Fin de Siècle. [exhibition catalogue] Stuttgart: Württembergischer Kunstverein; Hamburg: Kunstverein in Hamburg; and Toronto: The Power Plant, 1992.
    General Idea’s PHARMA©OPIA [exhibition catalogue] Barcelona: Centre d’Art Santa Mònica, 1992.
    Hübl, Michael. “Spurenelement.” Kunstforum, Cologne, November/December 1992. 97-107.
    Koether, Jutta. “Exit Art.” Artscribe, London, March 1992. 78-79.
    Messler, Norbert. “General Idea, Daniel Buchholz.” Artforum, New York, February 1992. 131.
    Nesbitt, Lois. “General Idea, Stux Gallery.” Artforum, New York, September 1992. 98-99.
    Princenthal, Nancy. “What’s Love Got To Do With It?: General Idea’s AIDS Project.” Public Art Issues, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1992. 8-11.
    Roulette, Todd. “Ideal Generals.” QW, New York, May 17, 1992. 38-39.
    Rudakoff, Judith, ed. Dangerous Traditions: Theatre Passe Muraille Anthology. Winnipeg: Blizzard Publishing, 1992.
    Sans, Jérôme. “General Idea, Gallery Montenay, Paris.” Forum International, September/October 1992. 95.
    Southgate, MD, M. Therese. “The Cover.” The Journal of the American Medical Association, Chicago, July 22/29, 1992. Cover, 455.
    Vander Spek, Corneil. “General Idea, S. L. Simpson Gallery.” C Magazine, Toronto, winter 1992. 43-44.
    Wallace, Keith. “On the Set at Babyland.” Hand of the Spirit. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Fine Arts Gallery, 1992. 29-47.
    Watson, Scott. “Hand of the Spirit: Documents of the Seventies from the Morris/Trasov Archive.” Hand of the Spirit. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Fine Arts Gallery, 1992. 5-28
    Whitesell, Jr., Richard D. “General Idea, Stux.” Flash Art, Milan, October 1992. 98-99.
    Wijers, Louwrien. “Placebo als statement.” Het Financieele Dagblad, May 9-11, 1992. 12.

  • 1991

    Bianchi, Paolo. “General Idea: Kunstlergruppen.” Kunstforum, Cologne, November-December 1991. 250-255.
    Bianchi, Paolo. “Neubegegnung Mit General Idea.” Artis, Zurich, June 1991. Cover, 18-23.
    Boigon, Brian, and David Clarkson. “Interview with General Idea.” M5V, Toronto, September 1991. 12-17.
    From Media to Metaphor: Art About AIDS [exhibition catalogue] New York: Independent Curators Incorporated, 1991. 36.
    General Idea. “Placebo.” Interview, New York, March 1991. 148.
    Holubizky, Ihor. Curatorial Laboratory Project #7: Atlas. Hamilton: Art Gallery of Hamilton, 1991.
    Holubizky, Ihor. “Mo’ Better Modern, Toronto in the 1980’s.” Arts, New York, February 1991. 55-59.
    Milroy, Sarah. “Lethal Dose.” Canadian Art, Toronto, fall 1991. 59-63.
    Richard, Alain-Martin, and Clive Robertson. Performance au-in Canada, Quebec and Toronto: Editions Intervention and Coach House Press, 1991.
    Team Spirit [exhibition catalogue] New York: Independent Curators Incorporated, 1991. 40-41.

  • 1990

    Art Gallery of Ontario: Selected Works. [catalogue] Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1990.
    Art Meets Science and Spirituality in a Changing Economy. Amsterdam: Museum Fodor, September 1990
    Denson, Roger. “Model Morality: General Idea Face the Endangerment of the Species.” Artscribe, London, summer 1990. 62.
    Faust, Gretchen. “New York in Review.” Arts, New York, summer 1990. 100.
    “General Idea.” Print Collector’s Newsletter, New York, May-June 1990. 63.
    Princenthal, Nancy. “General Idea at Koury Wingate.” Art in America, New York, July 1990. 161-162.
    Smith, Roberta. “General Idea.” The New York Times, New York, March 24, 1990. C-32.
    Tallman, Susan. “General Idea.” Arts, New York, May 1990. 21.
    Vogel, Sabine. “General Idea.” Kunstbulletin, Switzerland, April 1990. 6.

  • 1989

    Banz, Stefan. “General Idea, Mai 36.” Artscribe, London, November-December 1989. 89.
    Birnie Danzker, Jo-Anne. “General Idea: Kunst des Unsagbaren.” WolkenKratzer Art Journal, Frankfurt, May-June 1989. 42-49.
    D & S Ausstellung. [exhibition catalogue] hamburg: Hamburg Kunstverein, 1989.
    Lebrero Stals, Jose. “General Idea: Art in the AIDS Era.” Lapiz, Madrid, October 1989.
    Levi Strauss, David. “Reviews.” Artscribe, London, March-April 1989. 86.
    Sans, Jerome, ed. Fictions. [exhibition catalogue] Montreal: LGE & Aubes 3935 Galerie, 1989.
    Schwartzman, Allan. General Idea: The AIDS Project. Toronto: Gershon Iskowitz Foundation, 1989.
    Staniszewski, Marianne. “General Idea.” Shift #6, Vol. III, no. 2, San Francisco, 1989.
    Takemura, Mitsuhiro. “Summon the Muse of the Imagination.” Bijutsu Techo, Tokyo, Vol. 40, No. 603, January 1989. 73-89.

  • 1988

    Berkson, Bill. “General Idea, Artspace.” Artforum, New York, April 1988. 153-154.
    Bijutsu Techo, [cover] Tokyo, Vol. 40, no 602, December 1988.
    Decter, Joshua. Arts, New York, September 1988. 108.
    General Idea. “General Idea: Artists’ Statement.” Flash Art, Milan, November-December 1988. 115.
    General Idea. “Insert.” Parkett, Zurich, No. 15, 1988. 117.
    Goldberg, RosaLee. Performance Art from Futurism to the Present. New York, 1988. 179.
    The Print Collector’s Newsletter, New York, Vol. XIX, no. 5, November-December 1988. 115.
    Staniszewski, Marianne. Test Pattern [exhibition catalogue/artists’ project] Tokyo: SPIRAL, Wacoal Art Center,1988.

  • 1986

    Bernard, Serge. “General Idea.” Parachute , Montreal, #42, 1986.
    Carr-Harris, Ian. How We See What We Say [exhibition catalogue] Toronto: Harbourfront Gallery, 1986.
    Gale, Peggy. “Narratives: Cornucopia.” Parachute, Montreal, #41, 1986.
    General Idea: The Armoury of the 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion. [exhibition catalogue] Buffalo: Albright-Knox Gallery, 1986.
    McCormick, Carlo. “General Idea at 49th Parallel.” Artforum, New York, December 1986. 114.

  • 1985

    Cole, Susan G. “General art Idea.” NOW, Toronto, May 2-8, 1985.
    General Idea. [catalogue/ multiple] Middelburg: de Vleeshal, 1985.
    “General Idea 1968-1984.” Museum Journal #6, Amsterdam, 1985.
    “News d’Europa.” Domus, Milan, June 1985. 82.
    Pelenc, Arielle. “General Idea.” Public Magazine, no.3, Paris, 1985.
    Vereschagin, David. “What’s the Big Idea?” The Body Politic, No. 1115, Toronto, June 1985. .29-32

  • 1984

    1. [exhibition catalogue] Vienna: Museum Moderner Kunst, 1984 An International Survey of Painting and Sculpture. [exhibition catalogue] New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1984. Artistic Collaboration in the Twentieth Century. [exhibition catalogue] Washington, D.C.: Hirshhorn Museum, 1984. Bentley Mays, John. “Forum.” Artforum, New York, February 1984. Bentley Mays, John. “From the FILEs of General Idea.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, July 21, 1984. Birnie Danzker, Jo-Anne, and General Idea. General Idea’s 1984 (FILE Megazine, Vol. 6, Nos. 1 & 2, 1984). Vancouver and Toronto: Vancouver Art Gallery and Art Official Inc., 1984. Gale, Peggy. “What about the Early Days?” Evidence of the Avant Garde since 1957: Selected Works from the Collection of Art Metropole including Audio Tapes, Records, Videotapes, Film, Multiples, Kitsch, Manuscripts, Stamps, Buttons, Flyers, Posters, Correspondence, Catalogues, Porn, T-shirts, Postcards, Drawings, Poems, Mailers, Books, Photographs and Ephemera. Toronto: Art Metropole, 1984. General Idea 1968-1984. [exhibition catalogue] Eindhoven: Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, 1984.
  • 1983

    Artists’ Architecture. London: Institute of Contemporary Art, 1983.
    Bentley Mays, John. “A Not-So-Fond Farewell to Modernism.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, January 1, 1983.
    Bentley Mays, John. “The Poodle as Canada’s Emblem: At Least That’s the General Idea.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, April 15, 1983.
    Bronson, AA, and Peggy Gale, eds. Museums by Artists, Toronto: Art Metropole, 1983.
    Burnett, David, and Marilyn Schiff. Contemporary Canadian Art. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishers, 1983
    General Idea. “Triple Entendre,” Artforum, New York, November 1983.
    Künster aus Kanada. [exhibition catalogue] Stuttgart: Württembergischer Kunstverein, 1983.
    Monk, Phillip. “Editorials: General Idea and the Myth of Inhabitation.” Parachute, Montreal, December/January/February 1983/84.
    Moszynska, Anna. “General Idea.” Performance Magazine, London, No. 23, April/May 1983.
    O Kanada. [exhibition catalogue] Berlin: Akademie der Künst, 1983.
    The Second Link: Viewpoints on Video in the Eighties. [exhibition catalogue] Banff: Walter Philips Gallery, 1983.
    Vancouver: Art and Artists 1931-1983. Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery, 1983.
    Visions. Vancouver: Douglas and McIntyre, 1983.
    Wallace, Ian. “La Transavantguardia in Canada.” Flash Art, Milan, No. 111, XVI, 1983.

  • 1982

    D’Agostino, Peter, and Antonio Muntadas, eds. “General Idea’s Boutique”, Un/necessary Image. Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1982.
    Annear, Judy. “An Interview with General Idea.” Art & Text. Melbourne: Summer, 1982-83.
    Bentley Mays, John. “Hot Pink Pyramids’ Antiques of the 60’s.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, September 18, 1982.
    Birnie Danzker, Jo-Anne. Mannerism: A Theory of Culture. [exhibition catalogue] Vancouver: Vancouver Art Gallery, 1982.
    Catastrophe. [exhibition catalogue] Geneva: Centre d’art contemporain, 1982.
    “Cornucopia.” Furor, No. 6, 1982.
    Documenta 7. [exhibition catalogue] Kasse: 1982.
    Flood, Richard. “Documenta 7.” Artforum, New York, October 1982.
    Town, Elke. Fictions. [exhibition catalogue] Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1982.
    Town, Elke. Transmissions. [exhibition catalogue] Cambridge: Cambridge Library and Art Gallery, 1982.

  • 1981

    Fry, Jacqueline. “Le Musée dans quelques Oeuvres Recentes.” Parachute, Montreal, Fall 1981.
    General Idea. [information sheet] New York: 49th Parallel Gallery, New York, 1981.
    Guest, Tim. Books by Artists. Toronto: Art Metropole, 1981.
    Lamoreaux, Johanne. “General Idea: ‘Le Conte’ du Temps.” Parachute, Montreal, Winter 1981.
    Lawson, Thomas. “General Idea, 49th Parallel.” Artforum, New York, September 1981.
    “Quelques Artistes Contemporaines.” Grande Encyclopedie Larousse. Paris: Larousse, 1981.
    Wilde, Virginia, and Janis Runge. “General Idea, Test Tube and the Colour Bar Lounge.” Artsatlantic, Charlottestown, Winter 1981.
    Wilde, Virginia. “Test Tube: Some General Instruction for Media Artists.” Parallelogramme, Toronto, December/January 1981-82.

  • 1980

    Bentley Mays, John. “G.I. Makes Honeymoor Detour.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, December 23, 1980.
    Brandt Corstius, Liesbeth. “Test Tube.” Museumjournaal, Amsterdam, January 1980.
    Caroli, Flavio. Nuova Immagine. [exhibition catalogue] Milan/Regione Lombardia: XVI Triennale, 1980.
    Durand, Douglas. “G.I. Image and Enforcement.” Body Politic, Toronto, June/July 1980.
    Ferguson, Bruce. Canadian Video Biennale di Venezia. [exhibition catalogue] Ottawa: Venice Biennale/National Gallery of Canada, 1980.
    Freedman, Adele. “The Venice Tapes.” Toronto Life, Toronto, March, 1980.
    Glowen, Ron. “Evaluations of Architecture.” Artweek, San Francisco, May 17, 1980.
    Gooderick, Frank. “Liquid Assets from the Colour Bar Lounge.” Videomania, Toronto, Vol.1, No. 1, December 1980.
    Handforth, Robert. “Test Tube.” Fuse, Toronto, March, 1980.
    Hanna, Martha. Words and Images. Ottawa: National Film Board of Canada, 1980.
    Pluralities. [exhibition catalogue] Ottawa: National Gallery of Canada, 1980.
    Prospect 80/2. Ghent: Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, 1980.
    Shapiro, Babs. “Architectural References.” Vanguard, Vancouver, May 1980.

  • 1979

    Bentley Mays, John. “But Is It Art?” Macleans, Toronto, November 1979.
    General Idea. [information sheet] Amsterdam: Stedelijk Museum, 1979.
    Goldberg, RosaLee. Performance. London: Thames and Hudson, 1979.
    Lewis, Glenn. “Performance Notes from the Western Front.” Performance by Artists, Toronto: Art Metropole, 1979. 270-287.
    Video Weeks Essen. Essen: Museum Folkwang, 1979.

  • 1978

    Ammann, Jean-Christophe. Kanadischer Künstler. [exhibition catalogue] Basel: Kunsthalle Basel, 1978.
    Art, Artists and the Media. Graz: International Video Conference, 1978.
    Birnie Danzker, Jo-Anne. “General Idea: Towards an Audience Vocabulary.” Centerfold, Calgary/Toronto, December, 1978.
    Coutts-Smith, Kenneth. “General Idea.” artscanada, Toronto, issue 218/219, 1978.
    Robertson, Clive. “General Idea and the Metaphive.” Centerfold, Calgary/Toronto, Vol. 2, No. 2/3, 1978.
    Skira Annual No. 4. Geneva: Skira Editions, 1978.

  • 1977

    Biennale des Jeunes. [exhibition catalogue] Paris: Musée d’art moderne/Paris Biennale, 1977.
    Gale, Peggy. In Video. Halifax: Dalhousie Art Gallery, 1977.
    Gale, Peggy. “Toronto Video: Looking Inward.” Vie des Arts, Montreal, Vol. XXI, No. 86 (Spring 1977). 85-86.
    Gale, Peggy. “Video has Captured Our Imagination.” Parachute, Montreal, Summer 1977.
    James, Geoffrey. Transparant Things. Ottawa: Canada Council Art Bank, 1977.
    “LIFE is Dead, but FILE goes on.” Toronto Life, Toronto, January 1977.
    O’Brien, Glenn. “Extremist Glamour.” Oui, New York, December 1977.
    Robertson, Clive. “Architects on the Run.” Centerfold, Calgary/Toronto, Vols. 7 & 8, 1977. 2-3.

  • 1976

    Battock, Gregory. “The Last Estate: FILE Megazine.” The Soho Weekly News, New York, May 27, 1976. 22-23.
    Cameron, Eric. “Structural Video Tape in Canada.” Video Art. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1976. 188-195.
    Carpi, Eve, and Jo-Anne Birnie Danzke., “General Idea and the Cultural Cliché.” Flash Art, Milan, No. 58-59 (January 1976).
    Gale, Peggy, ed. Video by Artists. Toronto, Art Metropole, 1976.
    Gale, Peggy. “Video Art in Canada: Four Worlds.” Studio International, London, May/June 1976.
    General Idea. “Form Follows Fiction.” Unmuzzled Ox, New York, Vol. 4, No. 2 (1976). 23-39.
    Goldwasser, Noë. “Canadian Crazies Blow into Town.” The Village Voice, New York, February 9, 1976, p. 90
    Goldwasser, Noë. “Time-Life Files a Suit.” The Villlage Voice, New York, March 15, 1976. 24.

  • 1975

    The Carmen Lamanna Gallery. Sackville: Owens Art Gallery, 1975.
    Chairs. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1975.
    Cutrone, Ronnie. “Fantasy Architecture.” Andy Warhol’s Interview, New York, December 1975. 47.
    Dault, Gary Michael. “3 Trendy Young men market themselves.” Toronto Star, Toronto, November 3, 1975. D8.
    “In the Year of 1984.” Winnipeg Free Press, Winnipeg, September 19, 1975.
    Marchand, Philip. “The general idea behind General Idea.” Toronto Life, Toronto, November 1975. 30-37.
    McDonald, Marci. “What Did You Do in The Seventies Dada?” Maclean’s, Toronto, May 1975. 10.

  • 1974

    Bentley.Mays, John. “General Idea.” Open Letter, Toronto, Second series, No. 8 (Summer 1974). 5-36.
    Bodolai, J. S. “Luxon V.B. General Idea at Carmen Lamanna December 15 to January 3.” Proof Only, Toronto, Vol 1, No. 3 (January 15, 1974).
    Celant, Germano. ”General Idea i Canadada: Un Gruppo Canadese.” Domus, Milan, October, 1974. 52.
    “Jorge Saia. Un venezolano en la vanguardia artistica canadiense.” El Nacional, Caracas, June 27, 1974.
    “Mirrors Stop Them Turning a Blind Eye.” Pilkington News, Toronto, April 25, 1974. 3.
    Moore, Alan. “New Voices.” Artforum, New York, December 1974. 63-65.
    Subtle, Susan. “Their Arts Belong to Dada: Cheer and Clothing in California and Other Points West.” Esquire, New York, August, 1974. 50-56
    Project ’74. Cologne: Wallraf-Richartz Museum, 1974.
    Videoscape. Toronto: Art Gallery of Ontario, 1974.

  • 1973

    Andre, Michael. “Art: General Idea’s ‘Collage or Perish.’” Columbia Daily,Spectator, Columbus, October 16, 1973
    Anthony, George. “Literati.” Toronto Sun, Toronto, January 23, 1973.
    Canada Trajectories 73. [exhibition catalogue] Paris: Musée d’art moderne, 1973.
    Craig, Jamie. “In spite of all that…Each of us encounters a daily parade of images that need a home….” Vancouver Sun, Vancouver, February 9, 1973. 4A-5A.
    Fulford, Robert. “Correspondence art: Collages in Time, Distance and the Mind.” Toronto Star, Toronto, March 17, 1973. 49.
    “’Glamour Art’. Un venezolano en el movimiento canadiense ‘General Idea’.” El Nacional, Caracas, September (n.d.), 1973.
    Klepac, Walter. “Getting it all Apart. FILE Magazine: Special Double Issue; International Image Exchange Directory; IS 12/13: West Coast Issue.” Books in Canada, July-September 1973.
    Nicholson, Annabel. “canadada fragments.” Art & Artists, London, Vol. 8, No. 1 (April 1973). 28-33.
    Philpott, Clive. “Feedback.” Studio International, London, April, 1973.
    Ross, Gary. “File it under ‘D’- for different.” Toronto Life, Toronto, June 1973. 29.
    Sharp, Willoughby. “The Gold-Diggers of ‘84: An Interview with General Idea, Toronto.” Avalanche, New York, Winter/Spring, 1973. 14-21.
    Zack, David. “An Authentik and Historikal Discourse on the Phenomenon of Mail Art.” Art in America, New York, January/February 1973. 46-53.

  • 1972

    Albright, Thomas. “Correspondence Art.” Rolling Stone, New York, April 27, 1972. 28-29.
    Amussen, Robt. [Robert]. “’FILE’ not Rank.” The Grape, Vancouver, May 31-June 5, 1972.
    “Des potina à la torontoise.” Mediart Magazine, Montreal, May 1972.
    “FILE: The Great Canadian Art Tradegy.” The Grape, Vancouver, May 24-30, 1972.
    “General ideas.” Body Politic, Toronto, May 1972. 20.
    Image Bank. International Image Exchange Directory. Vancouver: Talon Books, 1972.
    Image Nation, Toronto, No. 8. (c. 1972).
    “..in view.” Art & Artists, London, September, 1972. 8-9.
    Klepac, Walter. “General Idea.” Guerrilla, Toronto, June 14,1972. 15.
    Lowndes, Joan. “Directions—Art.” Vancouver Sun, Vancouver, May 12, 1972.
    Martin, Robert. “A Truly Illuminating Exhibition.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, June 10, 1972. 28.
    “New low at Global Village.” Unidentified newspaper clipping, General Idea’s Press File, 1972.
    Realism: Emulsion and Omission. [exhibition catalogue] Kingston: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1972.
    Vazan, Bill. “Montreal Visits General’s Headquarters.” Beaux Arts, Montreal, Summer 1972. 24.
    “Vive l’éphémère. Les ‘lightbox’ de General Idea à la Galerie B.” La Press, Montreal, April 8, 1972.
    White, Michael. “New art magazines for group communication.” Montreal Gazette, Montreal, May, 1972.

  • 1971

    Buckley, John. “Keeping it together in Vancouver: the search for alternatives.” artscanada, Toronto, June/July 1971. 39-43.
    Image Bank. The Image Bank Post Card Show. Toronto: Coach House Press, 1971.
    McCabe, Nora. “Men Join in Beauty Pageant.” The Toronto Star, Toronto, October 2, 1971.
    Terry, Michael. “Well…do you get the general idea?” Pilkington News, Toronto, 1971.

  • 1970

    Bronson, AA, ed. and with some illustrations. IS, Toronto, Vol. 9 (Fall 1970).
    Carter, Joyce. “Authentic Unreality.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, January 22, 1970. W1.
    Kritzwiser, Kay. “Three Artists in Pursuit of Commitment.” The Globe and Mail, Toronto, January 17, 1970. 26.
    Unidentified newspaper clipping (review of Off Hand exhibition at 567 Gallery, Toronto, 1970) located in Felix Partz, Notebook, 1969 (General Idea Archive)

Collections

Artworks by AA Bronson and General Idea are in the following collections:

Aldridge Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, USA
Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
Art Institute, Chicago, USA
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, USA
Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography, Ottawa, Canada
Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Essl Collection, Vienna, Austria
FNAC Paris La Défense, Paris, France
FRAC Champagne-Ardenne, Rheims, France
FRAC Languedoc-Roussillon, Montpellier, France
Hamilton Art Gallery, Hamilton, Canada
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, USA
Hirschhorn Museum, Washington, DC, USA
Jewish Museum, New York, USA
Kunsthaus Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
Mendel Art Gallery, Saskatoon, Canada
List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge, USA
Musee d’art contemporain, Montreal, Canada
Musée d’art moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris, France
Musée d’Art Moderne Grand-Duc Jean, MUDAM, Luxembourg
Museum of Contemporary Art, Gent, Belgium
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, USA
Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, Canada
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne Australia
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, USA
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, USA
Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven, The Netherlands
Tate, London, UK
Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo, Japan
Vancouver Art Gallery, Vancouver, Canada
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, USA
Winnipeg Art Gallery, Winnipeg, Canada